Green's function method with energy-independent vertex functions
In conventional Green's function methods the vertex function T is generally energy dependent. However, a model-space Green's function method where the vertex function is manifestly energy independent can be formulated using energy-independent effective interaction theories based on folded diagrams and/or similarity transformations. This is discussed in general and then illustrated for a 1p1h model-space Green's function applied to a solvable Lipkin many-fermion model. The poles of the conventional Green's function are obtained by solving a self-consistent Dyson equation and model space calculations may lead to unphysical poles. For the energy-independent model-space Green's function only the physical poles of the model problem are reproduced and are in satisfactory agreement with the exact excitation energies.