An investigation into the catalytic activity of porcine cytochrome P450 17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase

Fox, Cheryl-Leigh (2014-04)

Thesis (MSc) Stellenbosch University, 2014

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: In this study, the effect of the amino acid residues at positions 40 and 407 on the catalytic activity of porcine CYP17A1 was investigated. Porcine cofactor CYB5 was cloned from porcine liver tissue and its effect on the catalytic activity of porcine CYP17A1 was determined. The influence of rat, human and angora CYB5 on the lyase activity of porcine CYP17A1 was subsequently determined and compared to the influence of porcine CYB5. Wt porcine CYP17A1, which has residues Val40 and His407, catalysed the conversion of prog efficiently with ~50% prog converted to 17OHprog (~40%) and A4 (~10%) after 3 hr. After 24 hr, negligible levels prog remained with ~71% 17OHprog and ~25% A4 being produced. Low levels of 16OHprog were formed (~9%). The Leu105Ala mutation reduced wt 17α-hydroxylase activity, with 70% prog remaining after 24 hr while 16OHprog (~10%) levels remained unchanged. Porcine CYP17A1 with residues Leu40 and His407, exhibited similar catalytic activity towards prog as did wt porcine CYP17A1 (Val40 and His407 residues), while porcine CYP17A1 with residues Leu40 and Leu407 increased the formation of A4 2-fold to 54% at 24 hr and porcine CYP17A1 with residues Val40 and Leu407 resulted in the highest formation of A4 (90%). Wt porcine CYP17A1, while having converted 95% of the prog substrate, produces only ~16% A4 after 24 hr. In the presence of porcine CYB5, however, the lyase activity was stimulated with 85% of prog being converted to A4 and only 13% 17OHprog remaining. The lyase activity was also stimulated by CYB5 from other species, resulting in an increase in A4 production of 60.6%, 24% and 11.6% by rat, angora and human CYB5, respectively. The degree of lyase stimulation correlated to the percentage identity of the CYB5 amino acid sequences to porcine CYB5. While the Val and Leu residues at position 40 do not appear to influence the lyase activity of porcine CYP17A1 as prominently as the residue at position 407, it is the charged residue at 407 that plays a significant role in the production of A4, decreasing A4 production irrespective of the Val and the Leu residues at position 40. It would, furthermore, appear that the stimulation of lyase activity of CYP17A1 is the greatest when assaying this activity in the presence of CYB5 of the same species as was detected when co-expressing porcine CYP17A1 and porcine CYB5.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: In hierdie studie is die invloed van die aminosuurresidue by posisies 40 en 407 op die katalitiese aktiwiteit van vark CYP17A1 ondersoek. Vark CYB5 is geklooneer vanuit vark lewer weefsel en die effek van hierdie kofaktor op die katalitiese aktiwiteit van vark CYP17A1 is bepaal. Die invloed van rot, mens en angora CYB5 op die liase aktiwiteit van vark CYP17A1 is daarna bepaal en vergelyk met die invloed van vark CYB5. Vark CYP17A1-VH, (kodeer Val40 en His407), kataliseer die omskakeling van prog doeltreffend met ~50 % prog wat omgeskakel word na 17OHprog (~40%) en A4 (~10%) na 3 uur. Na 24 uur, is feitlik alle prog omgeskakel, met ~71% 17OHprog en ~25% A4 geproduseer. Lae vlakke 16OHprog is ook gevorm (~9%). Die Leu105Ala mutasie verminder 17α- hidroksilase aktiwiteit, met 70% prog wat na 24 uur nie omgesit is nie, terwyl 16OHprog (~10%) vlakke onveranderd gebly het. Vark CYP17A1-LH (kodeer Leu40 en His407), en CYP17A1-VH het diselfde katalitiese aktiwiteit teenoor prog getoon, terwyl vark CYP17A1-LL (kodeer Leu40 en Leu407) die vorming van A4 2-voudig verhoog het tot 54% na 24 uur. Vark CYP17A1-VL (kodeer Val40 en Leu407) se katalitiese aktiwiteit het gelei tot die hoogste vorming van A4 (90%). Alhoewel CYP17A1-VH, 95% van die prog substraat omgeskakel het is slegs ~16% A4 geproduseer na 24 uur. In die teenwoordigheid van vark CYB5 is die liase aktiwiteit egter gestimuleer, en is 85% van die prog substraat omgeskakel na A4 met slegs 13% 17OHprog teenwoordig na 24 uur. Die liase aktiwiteit is ook gestimuleer deur CYB5 van ander spesies, wat lei tot 'n toename in A4 produksie van 60,6% , 24% en 11,6% deur rot, angora en menslike CYB5, onderskeidelik. Daar is gevind dat daar’n sterk korrelasie is tussen die stimulering van die liase aktiwitieit en die persentasie aminosuur volgorde identiteit van CYB5 afkomstig vanaf die verskillende spesies. Terwyl die Val en die Leu aminosuurresidu op posisie 40 wel die liase aktiwitiet tot ‘n mate beȉnvloed, blyk dit uit die data dat die potitief gelaaide residue by 407 'n belangrike rol speel in die produksie van A4, en A4 produksie verlaag ongeag van die Val en die Leu residu by posisie 40. Dit wil ook verdermeer voorkom asof die stimulering van die liase aktiwiteit van CYP17A1 die hoogste is wanneer die ensiem gekataliseerde reaksie deurgevoer word in die teenwoordigheid van CYB5 en CYP17A1 afkomstig vanaf dieselfde spesies.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/86634
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