Browsing Collection C by Title

Now showing items 1-16 of 16

    • Are invasive populations characterized by a broader diet than native populations? 

      Courant, Julien; Vogt, Solveig; Marques, Raquel; Measey, John; Secondi, Jean; Rebelo, Rui; De Villiers, Andre; Ihlow, Flora; De Busschere, Charlotte; Backeljau, Thierry; Rodder, Dennis; Herrel, Anthony (PeerJ, 2017)
      Background. Invasive species are among the most significant threats to biodiversity. The diet of invasive animal populations is a crucial factor that must be considered in the context of biological invasions. A broad ...

    • Central intracrine DHEA synthesis in ageing-related neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration : therapeutic potential? 

      Powrie, Y. S. L.; Smith, C. (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2018-10-16)
      It is a well-known fact that DHEA declines on ageing and that it is linked to ageing-related neurodegeneration, which is characterised by gradual cognitive decline. Although DHEA is also associated with inflammation in ...

    • Direct PCR offers a fast and reliable alternative to conventional DNA isolation methods for gut microbiomes 

      Videvall, Elin; Strandh, Maria; Engelbrecht, Anel; Cloete, Schalk; Cornwallis, Charlie K. (American Society for Microbiology, 2017)
      The gut microbiome of animals is emerging as an important factor influencing ecological and evolutionary processes. A major bottleneck in obtaining microbiome data from large numbers of samples is the time-consuming ...

    • Down, but not out : recent decline of Berg–Breede River whitefish (Barbus andrewi) in the upper Hex River, South Africa 

      Shelton, Jeremy M.; Impson, N. Dean; Graham, Shaun; Esler, Karen J. (AOSIS Publishing, 2017)
      he Berg–Breede River whitefish, Barbus andrewi, an endangered Cape Floristic Region endemic, was once widespread in both the Berg and Breede River catchments. However, its distribution has been strongly reduced, apparently ...

    • Identifiers for the 21st century : how to design, provision, and reuse persistent identifiers to maximize utility and impact of life science data 

      McMurry, Julie A.; Juty, Nick; Blomberg, Niklas; Burdett, Tony; Conlin, Tom; Conte, Nathalie; Courtot, Melanie; Deck, John; Dumontier, Michel; Fellows, Donal K.; Gonzalez-Beltran, Alejandra; Gormanns, Philipp; Grethe, Jeffrey; Hastings, Janna; Heriche, Jean-Karim; Hermjakob, Henning; Ison, Jon C.; Jimenez, Rafael C.; Jupp, Simon; Kunze, John; Laibe, Camille; Le Novere, Nicolas; Malone, James; Martin, Maria Jesus; McEntyre, Johanna R.; Morris, Chris; Muilu, Juha; Muller, Wolfgang; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Sansone, Susanna-Assunta; Sariyar, Murat; Snoep, Jacky L.; Soiland-Reyes, Stian; Stanford, Natalie J.; Swainston, Neil; Washington, Nicole; Williams, Alan R.; Wimalaratne, Sarala M.; Winfree, Lilly M.; Wolstencroft, Katherine; Goble, Carole; Mungall, Christopher J.; Haende, Melissa A.; Parkinson, Helen (Public Library of Science, 2017)
      In many disciplines, data are highly decentralized across thousands of online databases (repositories, registries, and knowledgebases). Wringing value from such databases depends on the discipline of data science and on ...

    • In vivo bioluminescence imaging of the spatial and temporal colonization of lactobacillus plantarum 423 and enterococcus mundtii ST4SA in the intestinal tract of mice 

      Van Zyl, Winschau F.; Deane, Shelly M.; Dicks, Leon M. T. (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2018-10-30)
      Background: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are major inhabitants and part of the normal microflora of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of humans and animals. Despite substantial evidence supporting the beneficial properties ...

    • Male reproductive health statement (XIIIth international symposium on Spermatology, may 9th–12th 2018, Stockholm, Sweden 

      Levine, Hagai; Mohri, Hideo; Ekbom, Anders; Ramos, Liliana; Parker, Geoff; Roldan, Eduardo; Jovine, Luca; Koelle, Sabine; Lindstrand, Anna; Immler, Simone; Mortimer, Sharon; Mortimer, David; Van Der Horst, Gerhard; Ishijima, Sumio; Aneck-Hahn, Natalie; Baldi, Elisabetta; Menkveld, Roelof; Rothmann, Susan A.; Giwercman, Aleksander; Giwercman, Yvonne; Holmberg, Mats; Kvist, Ulrik; Björndahl, Lars; Holmberg, Rebecka; Arver, Stefan; Flanagan, John; Drevet, Joel R. (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2018-10-29)
      On the occasion of the XIIIth International Symposium on Spermatology held from 9 to 13 May 2018 in Stockholm (Sweden), participants (guest speakers and audience) collectively felt the need to make a public statement on ...

    • Modelling the sensory space of varietal wines : mining of large, unstructured text data and visualisation of style patterns 

      Valente, Carlo C.; Bauer, Florian F.; Venter, Fritz; Watson, Bruce; Nieuwoudt, Helene H. (Nature Publishing Group, 2018)
      The increasingly large volumes of publicly available sensory descriptions of wine raises the question whether this source of data can be mined to extract meaningful domain-specific information about the sensory properties ...

    • No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide 

      Seebens, Hanno; Blackburn, T. M.; Dyer, E. E.; Genovesi, P.; Hulme, P. E.; Jeschke, J. M.; Pagad, S.; Pysek, P.; Winter, M.; Arianoutsou, M.; Bacher, S.; Blasius, B.; Brundu, G.; Capinha, G.; Celesti-Grapow, L.; Dawson, W.; Dullinger, S.; Fuentes, N.; Jager, H.; Kartesz, J.; Kenis, M.; Kreft, H.; Kuhn, I; Lenzner, B.; Liebhold, A.; Mosena, A.; Moser, D.; Nishino, M.; Pearman, D.; Pergl, J.; Rabitsch, W.; Rojas-Sandoval, J.; Roques, A.; Rorke, S.; Rossinelli, S.; Roy, H. E.; Scalera, R.; Schindler, S.; Stajerova, K.; Tokarska-Guzik, B.; Van Kleunen, M.; Walker, K.; Weigelt, P.; Yamanaka, T.; Essl, F. (Nature Research (part of Springer Nature), 2017)
      Although research on human-mediated exchanges of species has substantially intensified during the last centuries, we know surprisingly little about temporal dynamics of alien species accumulations across regions and taxa. ...

    • Platelet activity and hypercoagulation in type 2 diabetes 

      Pretorius, Lesha; Thomson, Greig J. A.; Adams, Rozanne C. M.; Nell, Theo A.; Laubscher, Willem A.; Pretorius, Etheresia (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2018-11-02)
      Background: A strong correlation exists between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), with CVD and the presence of atherosclerosis being the prevailing cause of morbidity and mortality in ...

    • Prioritising surveillance for alien organisms transported as stowaways on ships travelling to South Africa 

      Faulkner, Katelyn T.; Robertson, Mark P.; Rouget, Mathieu; Wilson, John R. U. (Public Library of Science, 2017)
      The global shipping network facilitates the transportation and introduction of marine and terrestrial organisms to regions where they are not native, and some of these organisms become invasive. South Africa was used as a ...

    • Raising the flag on marine alien fouling species 

      Peters, Koebraa; Sink, Kerry; Robinson, Tamara B. (Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre, 2017)
      Harbours are known introduction foci of marine alien species. They act as recipients of new introductions and as sources for regional spread. We report on subtidal surveys of fouling communities from 14 harbours along the ...

    • Systems biology of the modified branched Entner-Doudoroff pathway in Sulfolobus solfataricus 

      Figueiredo, Ana Sofia; Kouril, Theresa; Esser, Dominik; Haferkamp, Patrick; Wieloch, Patricia; Schomburg, Dietmar; Ruoff, Peter; Siebers, Bettina; Schaber, Jorg (Public Library of Science, 2017)
      Sulfolobus solfataricus is a thermoacidophilic Archaeon that thrives in terrestrial hot springs (solfatares) with optimal growth at 80°C and pH 2–4. It catabolizes specific carbon sources, such as D-glucose, to pyruvate ...

    • Targeted NGS for species level phylogenomics : "made to measure'' or "one size fits all''? 

      Kadlec, Malvina; Bellstedt, Dirk U.; Le Maitre, Nicholas C.; Pirie, Michael D. (PeerJ, 2017)
      Targeted high-throughput sequencing using hybrid-enrichment offers a promising source of data for inferring multiple, meaningfully resolved, independent gene trees suitable to address challenging phylogenetic problems ...

    • Thermal decomposition analysis in a sphere of combustible materials 

      Lebelo, Ramoshweu Solomon; Makinde, Oluwole Daniel; Chinyoka, T. (Sage, 2017)
      In this article, we look at spontaneous combustion due to exothermic chemical reaction taking place within a stockpile of combustible material. The model includes mass and energy balance equations in a spherical domain. ...

    • Vegetation responses to season of fire in an aseasonal, fire-prone fynbos shrubland 

      Kraaij, Tineke; Cowling, Richard M.; Van Wilgen, Brian W.; Rikhotso, Diba R.; Difford, Mark (PeerJ, 2017)
      Season of fire has marked effects on floristic composition in fire-prone Mediterranean- climate shrublands. In these winter-rainfall systems, summer-autumn fires lead to optimal recruitment of overstorey proteoid shrubs ...