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Aggression as "organised hypocricy?" - How the war on terrorism and hybrid threats challenge the Nuremberg legacy

dc.contributor.authorKemp, Gerharden_ZA
dc.contributor.authorBachmann, Sascha-Dominiken_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2013-07-03T08:35:05Z
dc.date.available2013-07-03T08:35:05Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citationBachmann, S.-D. & Kemp, G. 2012. Aggression as "organised hypocricy?" - How the war on terrorism and hybrid threats challenge the Nuremberg legacy. Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice, 30(1):233-252, doi:10.22329/wyaj.v30i1.4365.
dc.identifier.issn2561-5017 (online)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.22329/wyaj.v30i1.4365
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/85055
dc.descriptionCITATION: Bachmann, S.-D. & Kemp, G. 2012. Aggression as "organised hypocricy?" - How the war on terrorism and hybrid threats challenge the Nuremberg legacy. Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice, 30(1):233-252, doi:10.22329/wyaj.v30i1.4365.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at https://ojs.uwindsor.ca/ojs/leddy/index.php/WYAJ
dc.description.abstractModern threats to international peace and security from so called “Hybrid Threats”, multimodal threats such as cyber war, low intensity asymmetric conflict scenarios, global terrorism etc. which involve a diverse and broad community of affected stakeholders involving both regional and international organisations/structures, also pose further questions for the existing legacy of Nuremberg. The (perhaps unsettling) question arises of whether our present concept of “war and peace”, with its legal pillars of the United Nations Charter’s Articles 2(4), 51, and the notion of the criminality of waging aggressive war based on the “legacy” of Nuremberg has now become outdated to respond to new threats arising in the 21st century. This article also serves to warn that one should not use the definition of aggression, adopted at the ICC Review Conference in Kampala in 2010, to repeat the most fundamental flaw of Nuremberg: ex post facto criminalisation of the (unlawful) use of force. A proper understanding of the “legacy of Nuremberg” and a cautious reading of the text of the ICC definition of aggression provide some markers for purposes of the debate on the impact of new threats to peace and security and the use of force in international law and politics.
dc.description.urihttps://ojs.uwindsor.ca/ojs/leddy/index.php/WYAJ
dc.format.extent20 pages
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Windsor
dc.subjectNuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals, Nuremberg, Germany, 1945-1946en_ZA
dc.subjectInternational crimesen_ZA
dc.subjectCriminal lawen_ZA
dc.subjectAggression (International law)en_ZA
dc.titleAggression as "organised hypocricy?" - How the war on terrorism and hybrid threats challenge the Nuremberg legacyen_ZA
dc.typeArticle
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright


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