HIV high risk behaviours among nurses

Mbuyamba, Lumanda (2013-03)

Thesis (MPhil)--Stellenbosch University, 2013.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Regardless of their age, sex and religious believes, nurses are aware of risky sexual behaviour and their perception of HIV transmission through sexual risk behaviour is unquestionable, in the community of study. However, knowledge about HIV sexual behaviour modification remains an element of concern. The objectives of the study were to: To establish the HIV high risk behaviours for disease transmission at professional and social levels in the nursing community of the study; and to determine the attitudes and risks perceptions in HIV transmission in the nursing community. The study was a survey, using a quantitative approach, based on modified standardised self-administered questionnaires that were distributed to the nurses in the hospital. The result of the study showed that participants were generally sexually active in the past 12 months, and an equal number did/ or did not use a condom in their sexual encounters with their partner (46.4% each). Although some admitted having a sexual encounter with someone who was not their main partner (19.3%), the majority did not (61.3%). Those who admitted having sex with someone who was not their main partner had generally had a vaginal penetration (38.5%) and used a condom (53.8%). Participants have demonstrated an awareness of the use of hospital universal standard precautions against HIV transmission (72.7%). The study concluded that regardless of their age, sex and religious believes, nurses are aware of risky sexual behaviour and their perception of HIV transmission through sexual risk behaviour is unquestionable, in the community of study. However, knowledge about HIV sexual behaviour modification remains an element of concern. Some healthcare workers still trade sex in exchange for money, a number of them do not use condom in their sexual relationship, and some are ignorant and do not adhere to the guidelines of the universal standard precautions against HIV transmission.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Ongeag hul ouderdom, geslag en geloof, is verpleegsters bewus van onveilige seksuele gedrag en hul persepsies van MIV oordrag deur seksuele oordrag is onverskoonbaar. Hul kennis rondom MIV seksuele gedragsverandering bly steeds kommerwekkend. Die doelwitte van die studie was om MIV hoë risiko gedrag op professionele sowel as sosialse vlakke in die verpleeggemeenskap te bepaal sowel as die houding- en risiko persepsies rakende MIV oordrag. ‘n Kwantitatiewe navoringsbenadering is in die studie gebruik en vraelyste is gebruik om data by die verpleegster in die hospitaal in te samel. Die resultate van die studie het getoon dat die verpleegsters oor die algemeen seksueel aktief was in die laaste 12 maande en dat byna die helfde (46.4%) aangedui het dat hul nie kondome gebruik nie, hoewel dieselfde hoeveelheide ook aangedui het dat hul wel kondome gebruik. Hoewel daar van hulle was wat aangedui het om seksueel te verkeer met iemand wat nie hul maat was nie (19.3%) het nie meerderheid (64.3%) dit nie gedoen nie. Die wie aangedui het om seks met iemand as hul maat te hê, het dit gedoen deur vaginale penetrasie (38.5%) en deur die gebruik van kondome (53.8%). Sommige gesondheidswerkers gebruik steeds seks in ruil vir geld, sommiges gebruik nie kondome nie en ander is agterlosig en voldoen nie aan die riglyne vir MIV voorkoming nie.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/80051
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