Die wisselwerking tussen die agente betrokke by die publikasieproses van literere vertalings

Spies, Carla-Marie (2013-03)

Thesis (PhD)--Stellenbosch University, 2013.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: In this dissertation two relatively under-researched areas within the scope of translation studies are investigated: the production process of translations and the sociological and cognitive aspects involved in this production process (as opposed to only studying the translation product). Process and sociological studies are currently on the forefront of research in translation studies and this dissertation attempts to contribute to these fields. The current study investigates the role of the various agents (among others the publisher, reviser and editor) involved in the production process of translations to illustrate how this process involves more agents than only the translator. Translation is proven to be a process involving a network of agents who work together to produce the final product, i.e. the target text. In this dissertation this interaction between agents is examined by making use of Latour's Actor-Network-Theory (ANT), a sociological theory that focuses on the network and links between agents within a production process. The production processes of literary translations that are analysed in this dissertation are Niggie – To hell with Cronjé (Ingrid Winterbach), Vaselinetjie – My name is Vaselinetjie (Anoeschka von Meck) and a selection of the "Stoffel tales" – In bushveld and dessert: A game ranger's life (Christiaan Bakkes). These texts were all translated by the literary translator Elsa Silke and published by NB Publishers in 2007, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The versions of the texts analysed are the source text, the concept translation, any other preliminary versions (manuscripts) and the completed published target text. These texts are analysed along with all available correspondence between agents to reconstruct the production processes in order to determine how translations are produced by means of interaction between different agents. This study is therefore greatly exploratory by nature and aimed at revealing the "invisible" of the production process of literary translations in order to contribute to and promote research within this under-researched field of translation studies. The main focus of this study is to analyse how each agent's inputs have a sociological impact on other agents and the production processes, as well as how their interaction and decisions impact the target text. The results are predominantly presented descriptively (within the framework of Descriptive Translation Studies [DTS]) and concepts of Nord's Functionalism, Even-Zohar's Polysystem Theory, Bourdieu's theory on the field of cultural production, Sharpe and Gunther's editing principles and Mossop's theory on editing and revision of translated texts are used to analyse and discuss the production processes of the three literary translations mentioned above. In conclusion a model is presented, based on these analyses, depicting a possible optimal production process for literary translations. A possible chronology of steps in the production process and means of interaction between agents are depicted by this model. With this proposed model this dissertation contributes to theory development within the field of translation studies and editing and revision theory. This model can be applied to production processes of literary translations to test if it is viable to apply in practice to ensure a more effective production process as well as a successful product (target text). If this model proves to be effective, it can eventually serve as a guideline for literary translation practice.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: In hierdie proefskrif word twee studieterreine ondersoek wat in die verlede min binne die vertaalwetenskap nagevors is: die bestudering van die produksieproses van vertalings en die bestudering van die sosiologiese en kognitiewe aspekte betrokke by hierdie produksieproses (teenoor slegs die vertaalproduk). Die ondersoek van hierdie terreine is op die oomblik op die voorgrond in die vertaalwetenskap en hierdie proefskrif dra daartoe by om hierdie studieveld te verbreed. In hierdie proefskrif word daar gekyk na die rol van die verskillende agente, onder andere die uitgewers, redigeerders en reviseurs in die produksieproses van drie literêre vertalings om te illustreer dat die produksieproses van literêre vertalings nie slegs die insette van een agent, naamlik die vertaler, behels nie, maar dat dit 'n proses is wat uit 'n netwerk van agente bestaan wat saamwerk om die eindproduk (naamlik die doelteks) te produseer. Hierdie netwerk van verhoudings tussen agente in die produksieproses word ondersoek na aanleiding van Latour se sosiologiese Actor-Network-Theory (ANT) wat op die netwerk en skakels tussen agente binne 'n produksieproses fokus. Die produksieprosesse van literêre vertalings wat in hierdie proefskrif ontleed word, is Niggie – To hell with Cronjé (Ingrid Winterbach), Vaselinetjie – My name is Vaselinetjie (Anoeschka von Meck) en 'n keur uit die Stoffel-verhale – In bushveld and desert: A game ranger's life (Afgekort as In bushveld and desert) (Christiaan Bakkes) – almal tekste wat onderskeidelik in 2007, 2009 en 2008 by NB-Uitgewers verskyn het en deur die literêre vertaler Elsa Silke vertaal is. Die bronteks, die konsepvertaling, enige ander voorlopige weergawes (manuskripte) en die uiteindelike gepubliseerde doelteks word telkens saam met die beskikbare korrespondensie tussen die onderskeie agente bestudeer om die produksieprosesse te rekonstrueer en te bepaal hoe die vertaalprodukte deur middel van wisselwerking tussen onderskeie agente tot stand gekom het. Hierdie studie is dus grootliks verkennend van aard en het dit ten doel gestel om die "onsigbare" van die produksieproses van literêre vertalings bloot te lê ten einde verdere navorsing in hierdie onderontwikkelde been van die vertaalwetenskap te bevorder. Daar word hoofsaaklik gekyk na die wyse waarop elke agent se insette 'n sosiologiese impak op die ander agente sowel as die produksieprosesse en/of 'n tekstuele impak op die doelteks gehad het. Die resultate word hoofsaaklik deskriptief (vergelyk deskriptiewe vertaalstudies, DTS) aangebied en bespreek en daar word van konsepte uit Nord se funksionalisme, Even-Zohar se polisisteemteorie, Bourdieu se veldteorie, Sharpe en Gunther se redigeerbeginsels en Mossop se teorie oor redigering en revisie van vertalings gebruik gemaak om die analises uiteen te sit en te bespreek. Na aanleiding van dié analises word 'n model in die laaste hoofstuk aangebied wat 'n moontlike optimale produksieproses vir literêre vertalings voorstel. Die aanbevole chronologie van stappe in die produksieproses en die wisselwerking tussen agente word deur hierdie model voorgestel. Met die daarstelling van dié model dra die proefskrif dus tot teorieontwikkeling in die vertaalwetenskap en op die gebied van redigeer- en revisieteorie by. Hierdie model kan op die produksieprosesse van literêre vertalings toegepas word om te toets of dit wel in die praktyk werk om 'n effektiewe produksieproses te bewerkstellig en 'n geslaagde vertaalproduk te produseer. Indien wel, kan dit uiteindelik as 'n riglyn vir die literêre vertaalpraktyk dien.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/79993
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