Ovulation induction for in vitro fertilisation at Tygerberg Hospital
The original publication is available at http://www.samj.org.za
The protocol for in vitro fertilisation (IVF) at Tygerberg Hospital is presented and the results are analysed. Indications for ovulation induction for IVF included the following: (a) irreversible tubal damage; (b) infertility due to immunological factors; (c) male factor - infertility; and (d) endometriosis. A combination of human menopausal gonadotrophin (HMG) and clomiphene citrate (Clomid; Mer-National) and human chorionic gonadotrophin was used. Clomid is given in dosages of 100 mg for 5 days depending on the cycle length. Three doses of HMG (150 IU) are given on alternate days, starting on the second day of clomiphene treatment. If the leading follicle has not reached a mean diameter of 14 mm the day after the last HMG dose, another dose is given. This dosage is continued until the leading follicle reaches a diameter of 14 mm. A total of 109 cycles in 100 patients was analysed. Ova were considered to be mature as soon as the dominant follicle had reached a sonographic average diameter of 18 mm, another two follicles of 16 mm average diameter being present. Serum luteinising hormone levels were determined 4-hourly from the stage when the leading follicles exceeded an average diameter of 14 mm. In this study the pregnancy rate was 21.3% per laparoscopy and 24,4% per embryo transfer. The oestradiol levels on the 5th day of treatment have a predictive value of the length of stimulation.
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