Risk factors for abruptio placentae

Brink A.L. ; Odendaal H.J. (1987)


The original publication is available at http://www.samj.org.za


In a prospective study 90 patients who had confirmed abruption of the placenta were compared with a control group. Significantly more patients who had abruptio placentae were unmarried, smoked cigarettes, received no antenatal care, had coitus within the 48 hours preceding delivery, developed intrapartum hypertension and had a lower ponderal index than the controls. More patients with abruptio placentae had proteinuria and antepartum hypertension but statistic al significane was not reached. In addition, the incidence of intra-uterine growth retardation was higher in these patients.

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