Childhood tuberculosis in South Africa : what is the present status?

Gie, Robert P. ; Zar, Heather ; Jeena, Prakash ; Beyers, Nulda (2007-10)


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In a recently published article it was estimated that the incidence of childhood tuberculosis (TB) in the Western Cape was 407 new cases per 100 000 childhood population per year.1 This incidence was approximately half that in the adult population. Children younger than 13 years of age contributed 13.7% of the total TB burden.1 Further, 10% of the children with TB had severe disease including miliary TB, TB meningitis and spinal TB.

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