Browsing Research Articles (Pulmonology) by Title

Now showing items 1-8 of 8

    • Adenocarcinoma the most common cell type in patients presenting with primary lung cancer in the Western Cape 

      Koegelenberg, Coenraad F. N.; Aubeelack, Kushroo; Nanguzgambo, Aldoph B.; Irusen, Elvis M.; Mowlana, Abdurasiet; Von Groote-Bidlingmaier, Florian; Bolliger, Chris T. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2011-05)
      Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide for men and women, causing approximately 1.2 million deaths per year. The absolute and relative frequencies of lung cancer have risen dramatically ...

    • Asthma control 

      Irusen, E. M. (Continuing Medical Education, 2008-04)
      The SA Thoracic Society and the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) have recently published updated guidelines to assist practitioners in the management of asthma. The guidelines were based on reports that asthma ...

    • Guideline for office spirometry in adults, 2004 

      Van Schalkwyk, E. M.; Schultz, C.; Joubert, J. R.; White, N. W. (Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2004-07)
      Objective. To provide clinical guidelines for office spirometry in South Africa. Options. More stringent guidelines are required for diagnostic laboratories and research. Outcomes. To minimise variations in standard practice ...

    • The non-pharmacological management of COPD is a neglected area in the treatment of respiratory diseases 

      Irusen, E. M.; Plekker, D. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2009-04)
      An almost uniformly neglected area of respiratory disease management is the non-pharmacological component. Most patients with chronic respiratory illnesses will lose their exercise capacity (deconditioning) as the illness ...

    • The pharmacokinetics of enteral antituberculosis drugs in patients requiring intensive care 

      Koegelenberg, C. F. N.; Nortje, A.; Lalla, U.; Enslin, A.; Irusen, E. M.; Rosenkranz, B.; Seifart, H. I.; Bolliger, C. T. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2013-06)
      Background. There is a paucity of data on the pharmacokinetics of fixed-dose combination enteral antituberculosis treatment in critically ill patients. Objectives. To establish the pharmacokinetic profile of a fixed-dose ...

    • Tricyclic antidepressant overdose necessitating ICU admission 

      Koegelenberg, Coenraad F. N.; Joubert, Zirkia J.; Irusen, Elvis M. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2012-05)
      Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) overdose necessitating intensive care unit (ICU) admission remains a significant problem in the Western Cape. In this retrospective study, we reviewed the course of life-threatening TCA ...

    • The utility of Xpert MTB/RIF performed on bronchial washings obtained in patients with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis in a high prevalence setting 

      Barnard, Dewald A.; Irusen, Elvis M.; Bruwer, Johannes W.; Plekker, Dante; Whitelaw, Andrew C.; Deetlefs, Jacobus D.; Koegelenberg, Coenraad F. N. (BioMed Central, 2015-09)
      Background: Xpert MTB/RIF has been shown to have a superior sensitivity to microscopy for acid fast bacilli (AFB) in sputum and has been recommended as a standard first line investigation for pulmonary tuberculosis ...

    • Validation of a severity-of-illness score in patients with tuberculosis requiring intensive care unit admission 

      Koegelenberg, Coenraad Frederik N.; Balkema, Cecile A.; Jooste, Ynishia; Taljaard, Jantjie J.; Irusen, Elvis M. (Health & Medical Publication Group, 2015-05-27)
      Background. There is a paucity of data on the determinants of mortality due to tuberculosis (TB) in the intensive care unit (ICU). Objective. To develop a simple severity-of-illness score for use in patients with TB admitted ...