A - Reviewers

 
 

A - Reviewers

Recently added

  • Hoffmann, M.   Meyer, W. P. (Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2012-07)
    Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common autosomal recessive disorder among white individuals, and occurs in all South African population groups. Recent evidence suggests a prevalence of 1 in 2 000 among white South Africans ...
  • Spottiswoode BS   Du Plessis S   Gretschel A   Lotz J (Cannon Medical Media Publication, P.O. Box 2433, Randburg, 2125, South Africa, Tel: 011 791 2615 Fax: 011 791 2618, email: cmm@iafrica.com; http://www.imed.co.za/rssa, 2012)
  • Matsha, T. E.   Masconi, K   Yako, Y   Hassan, M. S.   Macharia, M   Erasmus, R. T.   Kengne, A. P. (PLOS, 2012-12-20)
    Objective: Though single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the non-muscle myosin gene (MYH9) have been reported to explain most of the excess risk of nondiabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD), in African-Americans, some ...
  • Wittemyer, George   Daballen, David   Douglas-Hamilton, Iain (Open Journal Systems, 2013)
    Knowledge of population processes across various ecological and management settings offers important insights for species conservation and life history. In regard to its ecological role, charisma and threats from human ...
  • Spry, Christina   Macuamule, Cristiano   Lin, Zhiyang   Virga, Kristopher G.   Lee, Richard E.   Strauss, Erick   Saliba, Kevin J. (Open Journal Systems, 2013)
    Growth of the virulent human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum is dependent on an extracellular supply of pantothenate (vitamin B5) and is susceptible to inhibition by pantothenate analogues that hinder pantothenate ...
  • Klagges, Carolina   Campoy, José Antonio   Quero-Garcia, José   Guzman, Alejandra   Mansur, Levi   Gratacos, Eduardo   Silva, Herman   Rosyara, Umesh   Lezzoni, Amy   Meisel, Lee A.   Dirlewanger, Elisabeth (Open Journal Systems, 2013)
    Despite the agronomical importance and high synteny with other Prunus species, breeding improvements for cherry have been slow compared to other temperate fruits, such as apple or peach. However, the recent release of the ...
  • Hong, Steven Y.   Jerger, Logan   Jonas, Anna   Badi, Alfons   Cohen, Steven   Nachega, Jean B.   Parienti, Jean-Jacques   Tang, Alice M.   Wanke, Christine   Terrin, Norma   Pereko, Dawn   Blom, Abraham   Trotter, Andrew B.   Jordan, Michael R. (Open Journal Systems, 2013)
    The visual-analogue scale (VAS), Likert item (rating scale), pills identification test (PIT), and medication possession ratio (MPR) provide estimates of antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence which correlate with HIV viral ...
  • Chehab, Joel C.   Vilakazi-Nhlapo, Amanda K.   Vranken, Peter   Peters, Annatjie   Klausner, Jeffrey D. (Open Journal Systems, 2013)
    Setting: Public Health Facilities in South Africa. Objective: To assess the current integration of TB and HIV services in South Africa, 2011. Design: Cross-sectional study of 49 randomly selected health facilities in ...
  • Malan-Muller, Stefanie   Hemmings, Sian Megan Joanna   Spies, Georgina   Kidd, Martin   Fennema-Notestine, Christine   Seedat, Soraya (Open Journal Systems, 2013)
    The neuropathogenesis of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may manifest as various neurocognitive impairments (NCI). HIV-positive individuals also have significantly shorter telomere length (TL) in peripheral blood ...
  • Tomlinson, M.   Rotheram-Borus, M. J.   Swartz, L.   Tsai, A. C. (PLOS, 2013-02-12)
    Despite hundreds of mHealth pilot studies, there has been insufficient programmatic evidence to inform implementation and scale-up of mHealth. We discuss what constitutes appropriate research evidence to inform scale up. ...
  • Tol, W. A.   Patel, V.   Tomlinson, M.   Baingana, F.   Galappatti, A.   Panter-Brick, C.   Silove, D.   Sondorp, E.   Wessells, M.   Van Ommeren, M. (PLOS, 2011-09-20)
    There has been a great need to develop a research agenda to strengthen mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian settings; prior research in this area has had limited inputs from practitioners. We developed a ...
  • Weiner, Brian   Gomez, James   Victor, Thomas C.   Warren, Robert M.   Sloutsky, Alexander   Plikaytis, Bonnie B.   Posey, James E.   Van Helden, Paul D.   Gey van Pittius, Nicolass C.   Koehrsen, Michael   Sisk, Peter   Stolte, Christian   White, Jared   Gagneux, Sebastian   Birren, Bruce   Hung, Deborah   Murray, Megan   Galagan, James (PLOS, 2012-02-07)
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of most human tuberculosis, infects one third of the world’s population and kills an estimated 1.7 million people a year. With the world-wide emergence of drug resistance, ...
  • Le Roex, Nikki   Noyes, Harry   Brass, Andrew   Bradley, Daniel G.   Kemp, Steven J.   Kay, Suzanne   Van Helden, Paul D.   Hoal, Eileen G. (PLOSPLOS, 2012-11-07)
    The African buffalo, Syncerus caffer, is one of the most abundant and ecologically important species of megafauna in the savannah ecosystem. It is an important prey species, as well as a host for a vast array of nematodes, ...
  • Edwards, Shelley   Vanhooydonck, Bieke   Herrel, Anthony   Measey, G. John   Tolley, Krystal A. (PLOS, 2012-12-12)
    Convergent evolution can explain similarity in morphology between species, due to selection on a fitness-enhancing phenotype in response to local environmental conditions. As selective pressures on body morphology may be ...
  • Marx, Florian M.   Dunbar, Rory   Enarson, Donald A.   Beyers, Nulda (PLOS, 2012-09-25)
    Rationale: High rates of recurrent tuberculosis after successful treatment have been reported from different high burden settings in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, little is known about the rate of smear-positive tuberculosis ...
  • Mapanga, Rudo F.   Rajamani, Uthra   Dlamini, Nonkululeko   Zungu-Edmondson, Makhosazane   Kelly-Laubscher, Roison   Shafiullah, Mohammed   Wahab, Athiq   Hasan, Mohamed Y.   Fahim, Mohamed A.   Rondeau, Phillipe   Bourdon, Emmanuel   Essop, M. Faadiel (PLOS, 2012-10-16)
    Diabetes constitutes a major health challenge. Since cardiovascular complications are common in diabetic patients this will further increase the overall burden of disease. Furthermore, stress-induced hyperglycemia in ...
  • Reikie, Brian A.   Adams, Rozanne C.M.   Ruck, Candice E.   Ho, Kevin   Leligdowicz, Aleksandra   Pillay, Santoshan   Naidoo, Shalena   Fortuno, Edgardo S. III   De Beer, Corena   Preiser, Wolfgang   Cotton, Mark F.   Speert, David P.   Esser, Monika   Kollmann, Tobias R. (PLOS, 2012-09-13)
    The first year of life represents a time of marked susceptibility to infections; this is particularly true for regions in sub-Saharan Africa. As innate immunity directs the adaptive immune response, the observed increased ...
  • Bitter, Wilbert   Houben, Edith N. G.   Bottai, Darria   Brodin, Priscille   Brown, Eric J.   Cox, Jeffery S.   Derbyshire, Keith   Fortune, Sarah M.   Gao, Lian-Yong   Liu, Jun   Gey van Pittius, Nicolaas   Pym, Alexander S.   Rubin, Eric J.   Sherman, David R.   Cole, Stewart T.   Brosch, Roland (Plos, 2009)
    Mycobacteria, such as the etiological agent of human tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, are protected by an impermeable cell envelope composed of an inner cytoplasmic membrane, a peptidoglycan layer, an ...
  • Setati, Mathabatha Evodia   Jacobson, Daniel   Andong, Ursula-Claire   Bauer, Florian (PLOS, 2012-12-26)
    Vineyards harbour a wide variety of microorganisms that play a pivotal role in pre- and post-harvest grape quality and will contribute significantly to the final aromatic properties of wine. The aim of the current study ...
  • Tomlinson, M.   Chopra, M.   Sanders, D.   Bradshaw, D.   Hendricks, M.   Greenfield, D.   Black, R. E.   El Arifeen, S.   Rudan, I. (PLOS, 2007)
    This paper aims to define health research priorities in South Africa, where it is estimated that nearly 100,000 children under 5 years of age still die each year.The authors applied the methodology for setting priorities ...
  • Rudan, I.   Kapiriri, L.   Tomlinson, M.   Balliet, M.   Cohen, B.   Chopra, M. (PLOS, 2010-07-13)
    Priority setting is required in every health care system. It guides investments in health care and health research, and respects resource constraints. It happens continuously, with or without appropriate tools or processes. ...
  • Munro, S. A.   Lewin, S. A.   Smith, H. J.   Engel, M. E.   Fretheim, S. A.   Volmink, J. (PLOS, 2007-07-24)
    Background Tuberculosis (TB) is a major contributor to the global burden of disease and has received considerable attention in recent years, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where it is closely associated ...
  • Lund, C.   Tomlinson, M.   De Silva, M.   Fekadu, A.   Shidhaye, R.   Jordans, M.   Petersen, I.   Bhana, A.   Kigozi, F.   Prince, M.   Thornicroft, G.   Hanlon, C.   Kakuma, R.   McDaid, D.   Saxena, S.   Chisholm, D.   Raja, S.   Kippen-Wood, S.   Honikman, S.   Fairall, L.   Patel, V. (PLOS, 2012-12-27)
    The majority of people living with mental disorders in low- and middle-income countries do not receive the treatment that they need. There is an emerging evidence base for cost-effective interventions, but little is known ...
  • Cohen, M. S.   Dye, C   Fraser, C   Miller, W. C.   Powers, K. A.   Williams, B. G. (PLOS, 2012-07-10)
    Universal HIV testing and immediate antiretroviral therapy for infected individuals has been proposed as a way of reducing the transmission of HIV and thereby bringing the HIV epidemic under control. It is unclear whether ...
  • Zembe, L   Burgers, W. A.   Jaspan, H. B.   Bekker, L. G.   Bredell, H   Stevens, G   Gilmour, J   Cox, J. H.   Fast, P   Hayes, P   Vardas, E   Williamson, C   Gray, C. M. (PLOS, 2011-10-12)
    The genetic diversity of HIV-1 across the globe is a major challenge for developing an HIV vaccine. To facilitate immunogen design, it is important to characterize clusters of commonly targeted T-cell epitopes across ...
  • Suthar, A. B.   Lawn, S. D.   del Amo, J   Getahun, H   Dye, C   Sculier, D   Sterling, T. R.   Chaisson, R. E.   Williams, B. G.   Harries, A. D.   Granich, R. M. (PLOS, 2012-07-24)
    Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is the strongest risk factor for developing tuberculosis and has fuelled its resurgence, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2010, there were an estimated 1.1 ...
  • Rateitschak, Katja   Winter, Felix   Lange, Falko   Jaster, Robert   Wolkenhauer, Olaf (PLoS, 2012-12-20)
    The present work exemplifies how parameter identifiability analysis can be used to gain insights into differences in experimental systems and how uncertainty in parameter estimates can be handled. The case study, presented ...
  • McGowan, M. P.   Tardif, J. C.   Ceska, R   Burgess, L. J.   Soran, H   Gouni-Berthold, I   Wagener, G   Chasan-Taber, S (PLOS, 2012-11-13)
    Objectives: Mipomersen, an antisense oligonucleotide targeting apolipoprotein B synthesis, significantly reduces LDL-C and other atherogenic lipoproteins in familial hypercholesterolemia when added to ongoing maximally ...
  • Vale, Glyn A.   Hall, David R.   Chamisa, Andrew   Torr, Stephen J. (PLoS, 2012-12-27)
    Background: In the savannahs of East and Southern Africa, tsetse flies (Glossina spp.) transmit Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense which causes Rhodesian sleeping sickness, the zoonotic form of human African trypanosomiasis. ...
  • Torr, Stephen J.   Chamisa, Andrew   Mangwiro, T.N. Clement   Vale, Glyn A. (PLoS, 2012-08-28)
    Background: Sleeping sickness, also called human African trypanosomiasis, is transmitted by the tsetse, a blood-sucking fly confined to sub-Saharan Africa. The form of the disease in West and Central Africa is carried ...
  • Delport, Wayne   Scheffler, Konrad   Seoighe, Cathal (PLOS, 2008)
    Host immune responses against infectious pathogens exert strong selective pressures favouring the emergence of escape mutations that prevent immune recognition. Escape mutations within or flanking functionally conserved ...
  • Johnson, Q   Syce, J   Nell, H   Rudeen, K   Folk, W. R. (PLOS, 2007-04-27)
    Objectives: Indigenous medicines are widely used throughout Africa, despite a lack of scientific evidence for their safety or efficacy. The aims of this study were: (a) to conduct a pilot study of the safety of a common ...
  • Lindh, Jenny M.   Torr, Steve J.   Vale, Glyn A.   Lehane, Mike J. (PLoS, 2009-07-07)
    Tsetse flies, which transmit sleeping sickness to humans and nagana to cattle, are commonly controlled by stationary artificial baits consisting of traps or insecticide-treated screens known as targets. In Kenya the use ...
  • Hargrove, John W. (PLOS, 2012-05-15)
    Abstract Background: In Uganda, Rhodesian sleeping sickness, caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, and animal trypanosomiasis caused by T. vivax and T. congolense, are being controlled by treating cattle with ...
  • Wilson, Kerrie A.   Underwood, Emma C.   Morrison, Scott A.   Klausmeyer, Kirk R.   Murdoch, William W.   Reyers, Belinda   Wardell-Johnson, Grant   Marquet, Pablo A.   Rundel, Phil W.   McBride, Marissa F.   Pressey, Robert L.   Bode, Michael   Hoekstra, Jon M.   Andelman, Sandy   Looker, Michael   Rondinini, Carlo   Kareiva, Peter   Shaw, M. Rebecca   Possongham, Hugh P. (Plos, 2007-09)
    Conservation priority-setting schemes have not yet combined geographic priorities with a framework that can guide the allocation of funds among alternate conservation actions that address specific threats. We develop such ...
  • Davies, T. Jonathan   Smith, Gideon F.   Bellstedt, Dirk U.   Boatwright, James S.   Bytebier, Benny   Cowling, Richard M.   Forest, Felix   Harmon, Luke J.   Muasya, A. Muthama   Schrire, Brian D.   Steenkamp, Yolande   van der Bank, Michelle   Savolainen, Vincent (PLoS, 2011-05)
    It is widely recognized that we are entering an extinction event on a scale approaching the mass extinctions seen in the fossil record. Present-day rates of extinction are estimated to be several orders of magnitude greater ...
  • Van Der Vyver, Christell   Conradie, Tobie   Kossmann, Jens   Lloyd, James (SpringerLink, 2013-02-05)
    Selection genes are routinely used in plant genetic transformation protocols to ensure the survival of transformed cells by limiting the regeneration of non-transgenic cells. In order to find alternatives to the use of ...
  • Honikman, S.   Van Heyningen, T.   Field, S.   Baron, E.   Tomlinson, M. (PLOS, 2012-05-29)
    Maternal mental health is largely neglected in low- and middle-income countries.There is no routine screening or treatment of maternal mental disorders in primary care settings in South Africa. The Perinatal Mental Health ...
  • Holmes, M.D.   Dalal, S.   Volmink, J.   Adebamowo, C.A.   Njelekela, M.   Fawzi, W. W.   Willett, W. C.   Adami, H. (PLOS, 2010-05-11)
    We believe there is an urgent need for longitudinal cohorts based in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This conclusion is drawn from the fact that non-communicable diseases (NCDs) cause a large and growing disease burden (please ...
  • Chown, Steven L.   Sinclair, Brent J.   Leinaas, Hans P.   Gaston, Kevin J. (PLOS, 2004-11)
    Penguins have been receiving a lot of bad press lately. They are considered somehow counter, spare, strange. Unlike most plant and animal groups, they do not show a peak of species richness towards the equator and a ...