Now showing items 1-4 of 4
Has universal screening with Xpert® MTB/RIF increased the proportion of multidrugresistant tuberculosis cases diagnosed in a routine operational setting?
(Public Library of Science, 2017-02-15)
Setting: Primary health services in Cape Town, South Africa where the introduction of Xpert® MTB/RIF (Xpert) enabled simultaneous screening for tuberculosis (TB) and drug susceptibility in all presumptive cases. Study ...
The rate of sputum smear-positive tuberculosis after treatment default in a high-burden setting : a retrospective cohort study
Rationale: High rates of recurrent tuberculosis after successful treatment have been reported from different high burden settings in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, little is known about the rate of smear-positive tuberculosis ...
Patient diagnostic rate as indicator of tuberculosis case detection, South Africa
(Centers for Disease Control and PreventionPublisher's version, 2016)
ENGLISH SUMMARY : To address the uncertainty of the indirectly measured tuberculosis case detection rate, we used survey data stratified by HIV status to calculate the patient diagnostic rate, a directly measurable indicator, ...
Complementary surveillance strategies are needed to better characterise the epidemiology, care pathways and treatment outcomes of tuberculosis in children
(BioMed Central, 2018-03-23)
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) in young and HIV-infected children is frequently diagnosed at hospital level. In settings where general hospitals do not function as TB reporting units, the burden and severity of childhood ...