|dc.contributor.advisor||Vlok, G. J.||
|dc.contributor.author||Davis, Johan, H.||en_ZA
|dc.contributor.other||University of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Health Sciences. Dept. of Surgical Sciences. Orthopaedic Surgery.||
|dc.description||Thesis (MMed (Surgical Sciences. Orthopaedic Surgery))--University of Stellenbosch, 2010.||en_ZA
This research paper reports on the radiographic outcome of unstable thoracolumbar injuries
with short segment posterior instrumentation as standalone treatment; in order to review rate
of instrumentation failure and identify possible contributing factors.
Short segment posterior instrumentation is the treatment method of choice for unstable
thoracolumbar injuries in the Acute Spinal Cord Injury Unit (Groote Schuur Hospital).
It is considered adequate treatment in fracture cases with an intact posterior longitudinal
ligament, and Gaines score below 7 (Parker JW 2000); as well as fracture dislocations, and
seatbelt-type injuries (without loss of bone column - bearing integrity). The available body of
literature often states instrumentation failure rates of up to 50% (Alanay A 2001, Tezeren G
2005). The same high level of catastrophic hardware failure is not evident in the unit
Sixty-five consecutive patients undergoing the aforementioned surgery were studied. Patients
were divided into two main cohorts, namely the “Fracture group” (n=40) consisting of
unstable burst fractures and unstable compression fractures; and the “Dislocation group”
(n=25) consisting of fracture dislocations and seatbelt-type injuries.
The groups reflect similar goals in surgical treatment for the grouped injuries, with reduction
in loss of sagittal profile and maintenance thereof being the main aim in the fracture group,
appropriately treated with Schantz pin constructs; and maintenance in position only, the goal
in the dislocation group, managed with pedicle screw constructs.
Data was reviewed in terms of complications, correction of deformity, and subsequent loss of
correction with associated instrumentation failure. Secondly, factors influencing the
aforementioned were sought, and stratified in terms of relevance. Results:
Average follow up was 278 days for the fracture group and 177 days for the dislocation group
(all patients included were deemed to have achieved radiological fusion – if fusion technique
was employed). There was an average correction in kyphotic deformity of 10.25 degrees.
Subsequent loss in sagittal profile averaged 2 degrees (injured level) and 5 degrees
(thoracolumbar region) in the combined fracture and dislocation group.
The only factor showing a superior trend in loss of reduction achieved was the absence of
bone graft (when non-fusion technique was employed).
Instrumentation complications occurred in two cases (bent connection rods in a Schantz pin
construct with exaggerated loss in regional sagittal profile, and bent Schantz pins). These
complications represent a 3.07% hardware failure in total. None of the failures were
Short segment posterior instrumentation is a safe and effective option in the treatment of
unstable thoracolumbar fractures as a standalone measure.||en
|dc.format.extent||58 p. : ill. (some col.)||
|dc.publisher||Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch||
|dc.subject||Short segment posterior instrumentation||en_ZA
|dc.subject||Spine -- Surgery||en
|dc.subject||Spine -- Wounds and injuries -- Treatment||en
|dc.subject||Dissertations -- Orthopaedic surgery||en
|dc.subject||Theses -- Orthopaedic surgery||en
|dc.title||Thoracolumbar injuries : short segment posterior instrumentation as standalone treatment - thoracolumbar fractures||en_ZA
|dc.rights.holder||University of Stellenbosch||