Obsessive-compulsive disorder and trichotillomania : a phenomenological comparison

dc.contributor.authorLochner, Christine
dc.contributor.authorSeedat, Soraya
dc.contributor.authorDu Toit, Pieter L.
dc.contributor.authorNel, Daniel G.
dc.contributor.authorNiehaus, Dana J. H.
dc.contributor.authorSandler, Robin
dc.contributor.authorStein, Dan J.
dc.identifier.citationLochner, C, Seedat, S, Du Toit, PL, Nel, DG, Niehaus, DJH, 1, Robin Sandler & Stein, DJ 2005, 'Obsessive-compulsive disorder and trichotillomania: a phenomenological comparison', BMC Psychiatry, 5(1):2.en_ZA
dc.description.abstractBackground: Similarities between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and trichotillomania (TTM) have been widely recognized. Nevertheless, there is evidence of important differences between these two disorders. Some authors have conceptualized the disorders as lying on an OCD spectrum of conditions. Methods: Two hundred and seventy eight OCD patients (n = 278: 148 male; 130 female) and 54 TTM patients (n = 54; 5 male; 49 female) of all ages were interviewed. Female patients were compared on select demographic and clinical variables, including comorbid axis I and II disorders, and temperament/character profiles. Results: OCD patients reported significantly more lifetime disability, but fewer TTM patients reported response to treatment. OCD patients reported higher comorbidity, more harm avoidance and less novelty seeking, more maladaptive beliefs, and more sexual abuse. OCD and TTM symptoms were equally likely to worsen during menstruation, but OCD onset or worsening was more likely associated with pregnancy/puerperium. Conclusions: These findings support previous work demonstrating significant differences between OCD and TTM. The classification of TTM as an impulse control disorder is also problematic, and TTM may have more in common with conditions characterized by stereotypical self-injurious symptoms, such as skin-picking. Differences between OCD and TTM may reflect differences in underlying psychobiology, and may necessitate contrasting treatment approaches.en_ZA
dc.format.extent10 p.
dc.publisherBioMed Centralen_ZA
dc.subjectObsessive-compulsive disorderen_ZA
dc.subjectTrichotillomania (TTM)en_ZA
dc.titleObsessive-compulsive disorder and trichotillomania : a phenomenological comparisonen_ZA
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewed
dc.rights.holderLochner et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.en_ZA

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