Strategic management and the Christian nonprofit organisation operating in developing nations : a value-centred, mission-driven framework
A value-centered, mission-driven strategic framework has been developed for Christian nonprofit (NFP) organisations operating in the developing nations. This framework contains many of the same elements that are used by businesses to develop strategy. The various strategy elements used within the new framework have, where necessary, been adapted to accommodate the dynamics of a Christian NFP operating in the developing nations. The core values of the organisation have been placed at the centre of the process and the mission is what drives the process forward. It is important that the plans and goals developed are aligned with the mission and do not violate the core values. The Christian NFP operating in developing nations faces several challenges with regards to adopting and implementing a strategic management process of which some are restraints and some have to do with the way they view the strategic management process. Some of the restraints faced by them include the lack of clear measurements; a focus on resources instead of results; the lack of accurate, relevant information; strategic convergence and the nature of the competitive environment. The more challenging the environment and circumstances within which the organisation operates, the more important it becomes for a strategic management process. Furthermore Christians often view the strategic management process as a secular intrusion into a spiritual process. The value-centered, mission-driven framework goes some way in addressing these constraints. This research report provides a strategic framework, based on a theoretical approach. It therefore focuses more on the justification and the elements of the process than on guidelines to implement it. It does not address aspects outside of the framework that could hamper the successful implementation of the process. The importance of the spiritual dimension is ignored. The research's exclusive focus on Christian organisations and developing nations provides opportunity for further research. The research reflected in this study is interesting and useful. It adds to the body of knowledge and reveals that more work can be done to assist those in their mission to bring about social change where it is most needed.