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A prospective study of methamphetamine use as a predictor of high school non-attendance in Cape Town, South Africa

dc.contributor.authorPluddemann, Andreas
dc.contributor.authorFlisher, Alan J.
dc.contributor.authorMcKetin, Rebecca
dc.contributor.authorParry, Charles D.
dc.contributor.authorLombard, Carl J.
dc.date.accessioned2010-12-13T10:03:08Z
dc.date.available2010-12-13T10:03:08Z
dc.date.issued2010-10
dc.identifier.citationPlüddemann, A, Flisher, AJ, McKetin, R, Parry, CD & Lombard, CJ 2010, 'A prospective study of methamphetamine use as a predictor of high school non-attendance in Cape Town, South Africa', Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 5(1):25.en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn1747-597X
dc.identifier.otherhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1747-597X-5-25
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/5063
dc.description.abstractBackground: This prospective study investigated the association between life-long methamphetamine and other drug use and high school non-attendance, in a sample of high school students in Cape Town, South Africa. Methods: A random sample of 1535 high school students completed a baseline questionnaire in 2006, and were asked to complete a follow-up questionnaire 12 months later. The questionnaire included questions on substance use, including tobacco, alcohol, methamphetamine and cannabis use, demographic factors, and questions relating to school attendance and performance. Results: Forty-three percent of the students surveyed at baseline did not complete a follow-up questionnaire after 12 months. Compared with students who were not using selected substances, an adjusted logistic regression model showed that life-time methamphetamine use in addition to other substances was significantly associated with non-attendance (OR = 2.58, 95% CI: 1.24 - 5.36) when other non-substance use factors (repeating a year at school and being older than the norm for current grade) were taken into account. Conclusions: Early identification of students with methamphetamine and other substance use problems, and a supportive rather than punitive school policy, may be valuable in improving high school completion and student retention rates.en_ZA
dc.format.extent7 p.
dc.language.isoen_USen_ZA
dc.publisherBioMed Centralen_ZA
dc.subjectMethamphetamineen_ZA
dc.subjectDrug abuseen_ZA
dc.subjectHigh school non-attendanceen_ZA
dc.titleA prospective study of methamphetamine use as a predictor of high school non-attendance in Cape Town, South Africaen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.date.updated2010-11-12T07:01:18Z
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewed
dc.language.rfc3066en
dc.rights.holderPluddemann et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.en_ZA


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