• South Africa's salt reduction strategy : are we on track, and what lies ahead? 

      Webster, Jacqui; Crickmore, Christelle; Charlton, Karen; Steyn, Krisela; Wentzel-Viljoen, Edelweiss; Naidoo, Pamela (Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2017)
      On 2 September 2016, 25 local and international participants from various sectors met in Cape Town to take stock of South Africa (SA)’s progress in salt reduction and develop a roadmap for action. SA is centre stage on ...
    • Sniffing out olfactory reference syndrome 

      Thomas, Eileen; Voges, Juane; Chiliza, Bonginkosi; Stein, Dan J.; Lochner, Christine (AOSIS Publishing, 2017)
      Olfactory reference syndrome is characterised by the erroneous belief that one emits an unpleasant body odour. This results in significant distress and is often accompanied by repetitive behaviour such as frequent showering ...
    • Report on the first government-funded opioid substitution programme for heroin users in the Western Cape Province, South Africa 

      Michie, G.; Hoosain, S.; Macharia, M.; Weich, L. (Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2017)
      Background. Although pharmacological opioid substitution treatment (OST) is a well-established treatment modality for heroin addiction, it is a relatively recent introduction in low- and middle-income countries. Objective. ...
    • Replication of high fetal alcohol spectrum disorders prevalence rates, child characteristics, and maternal risk factors in a second sample of rural communities in South Africa 

      May, Philip A.; De Vries, Marlene M.; Marais, Anna-Susan; Kalberg, Wendy O.; Buckley, David; Adnams, Colleen M.; Hasken, Julie M.; Tabachnick, Barbara; Robinson, Luther K.; Manning, Melanie A.; Bezuidenhout, Heidre; Adam, Margaret P.; Jones, Kenneth L.; Seedat, Soraya; Parry, Charles D. H.; Hoyme, H. Eugene (MDPI, 2017)
      Background: Prevalence and characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and total fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) were studied in a second sample of three South African rural communities to assess change. Methods: ...
    • Reducing substance use and risky sexual behaviour among drug users in Durban, South Africa : assessing the impact of community-level risk-reduction interventions 

      Parry, C. D. H.; Carney, T.; Williams, P. Petersen (Taylor & Francis, 2017)
      Alcohol and other drug (AOD) use is increasingly recognised as having a direct and indirect effect on the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, there is evidence to suggest that drug- and sex-related ...
    • Once-monthly paliperidone palmitate in early stage schizophrenia – a retrospective, non-interventional 1-year study of patients with newly diagnosed schizophrenia 

      Emsley, Robin; Hargarter, Ludger; Bergmans, Paul; Uglesic, Boran; Sengul, Abdullah Cem; Petralia, Antonino; Khannanova, Angelina; Cherubin, Pierre; Schreiner, Andreas (Dove Medical Press, 2017)
      Background: Long-acting antipsychotic therapy may be best suited for patients in the early stage of schizophrenia, when the most can be done before disease progression associated with poor adherence occurs. We explored the ...
    • Junior medical students’ knowledge about and attitudes towards electroconvulsive therapy in a South African setting 

      Mausling, Matthew B.; Macharia, Muiruri; Jordaan, Gerhard P. (AOSIS Publishing, 2017)
      Background: Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a safe and effective treatment modality with a long history of use in psychiatry, it remains controversial owing to misconceptions and negative attitudes among the ...
    • Integrated community case management of childhood illness in low- and middle-income countries 

      Oliphant, Nicholas P.; Daniels, Karen; Odendaal, Willem A.; Besada, Donela; Manda, Samuel; Kinney, Mary; Johansson, Emily White; Lunze, Karsten; Johansen, Marit; Doherty, Tanya (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017)
      This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the effects of the integrated community case management (iCCM) strategy for children younger than five years of age in ...
    • Harmful use of alcohol : a shadow over Sub-Saharan Africa in need of workable solutions 

      Ferreira-Borges, Carina; Parry, Charles D. H.; Babor, Thomas F. (MDPI, 2017)
      Alcohol consumption and alcohol-attributable burden of disease in Africa are expected to rise in the near future, yet. increasing alcohol-related harm receives little attention from policymakers and from the population ...
    • Excoriation (skin-picking) disorder : a systematic review of treatment options 

      Lochner, Christine; Roos, Annerine; Stein, Dan J. (Dove Medical Press, 2017)
      Although pathological skin-picking has been documented in the medical literature since the 19th century, it has only recently been included as a distinct entity in psychiatric classification systems. In the Diagnostic and ...
    • Cognitive-perceptual deficits and symptom correlates in first-episode schizophrenia 

      Olivier, Riaan M.; Kilian, Sanja; Chiliza, Bonginkosi; Asmal, Laila; Oosthuizen, Petrus P.; Emsley, Robin; Kidd, Martin (AOSIS Publishing, 2017)
      Background: Thought disorder and visual-perceptual deficits have been well documented, but their relationships with clinical symptoms and cognitive function remain unclear. Cognitive-perceptual deficits may underscore ...
    • Codeine misuse and dependence in South Africa : perspectives of addiction treatment providers 

      Parry, C. D. H.; Rich, E.; Van Hout, M. C.; Deluca, P. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2017)
      Background. General practitioners are referring patients with codeine-related problems to specialist treatment facilities, but little is known about the addiction treatment providers, the kinds of treatment they provide, ...
    • The burden of mental disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2013 

      Charara, Raghid; Forouzanfar, Mohammad; Naghavi, Mohsen; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; Afshin, Ashkan; Vos, Theo; Daoud, Farah; Wang, Haidong; El Bcheraoui, Charbel; Khalil, Ibrahim; Hamadeh, Randah R.; Khosravi, Ardeshir; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa; Khader, Yousef; Al-Hamad, Nawal; Obermeyer, Carla Makhlouf; Rafay, Anwar; Asghar, Rana; Rana, Saleem M.; Shaheen, Amira; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E.; Husseini, Abdullatif; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Khoja, Tawfik; Al Rayess, Zulfa A.; AlBuhairan, Fadia S.; Hsairi, Mohamed; Alomari, Mahmoud A.; Ali, Raghib; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Terkawi, Abdullah Sulieman; Hamidi, Samer; Refaat, Amany H.; Westerman, Ronny; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Akanda, Ali S.; Ali, Syed Danish; Bacha, Umar; Badawi, Alaa; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Faghmou, Imad A. D.; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Fischer, Florian; Jonas, Jost B.; Defo, Barthelemy Kuate; Mehari, Alem; Omer, Saad B.; Pourmalek, Farshad; Uthman, Olalekan A.; Mokdad, Ali A.; Maalouf, Fadi T.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Akseer, Nadia; Arya, Dinesh; Borschmann, Rohan; Brazinova, Alexandra; Brugha, Traolach S.; Catala-Lopez, Ferran; Degenhardt, Louisa; Ferrari, Alize; Haro, Josep Maria; Horino, Masako; Hornberger, John C.; Huang, Hsiang; Kieling, Christian; Kim, Daniel; Kim, Yunjin; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Mitchell, Philip B.; Patton, George; Sagar, Rajesh; Satpathy, Maheswar; Savuon, Kim; Seedat, Soraya; Shiue, Ivy; Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Stein, Dan J.; Tabb, Karen M.; Whiteford, Harvey A.; Yip, Paul; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Murray, Christopher J. L.; Mokdad, Ali H. (Public Library of Science, 2017)
      The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) is witnessing an increase in chronic disorders, including mental illness. With ongoing unrest, this is expected to rise. This is the first study to quantify the burden of mental ...
    • Adolescent and nurse perspectives of psychotherapeutic interventions for PTSD delivered through task-shifting in a low resource setting 

      Van de Water, Tanya; Rossouw, Jaco; Yadin, Elna; Seedat, Soraya (Public Library of Science, 2017)
      Background: This investigation compared the perceived effectiveness of supportive counselling (SC) and prolonged exposure for adolescents (PE-A) by treatment users (adolescents with PTSD) and non-specialist treatment ...