Innovative strategies to improve posture in golf

Olivier, Mario (2005-12)

Thesis (MSportSc)--Stellenbosch University, 2005.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Posture is generally defined as the position of the limbs and the body as a whole, whether in static or dynamic situations. Although there may be postures that are common to a variety of sports, posture is considered to be sport-specific. Optimal posture in golf provides a good base from which a golfer can apply maximum effort to the golf ball with the least amount of energy. Optimal posture is also regarded as a factor that can reduce the incidence of injury. A recognition of the importance of posture in golf led to the general question that initiated this study: If posture improves, will golf performance improve? The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a golfspecific postural training programme, on selected postural variables and on 5- iron hitting distance, accuracy and ball flight. Eighteen novice female golfers were randomly assigned to either a control (n=9) or an intervention group (n=9). Video analysis was used to assess the postural variables of static balance and postural consistency, while the one-minute lying lift, one-minute walkout and overhead medicine ball throw were used to assess the postural variables related to core stability. The Modified Benson Golf Test was used to assess the golf skill of the participants, as measured by 5-iron distance, accuracy and ball flight. The experimental group was placed on a six-week programme consisting of two, sixty-minute sessions a week. Using a repeated measures ANOVA (Analysis of Variance), significant improvements in core stability and 5-iron distance and accuracy were achieved (p<O.05). Although Improvements in static balance and postural consistency were also found, they were not significant. It was concluded that core stability training can improve the power dimension of the 5-iron shot of novice golfers, a postural training programme has potential for helping novice golfers improve their golf performance.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Postuur, in dinamiese sowel as statiese situasies, word gedefinieer as die posisie van die ledemate en die liggaam as 'n geheel. Postuur word beskou as sportspesifiek, alhoewel daar 'n algemene postuur vir sommige verskillende sportsoorte is. Optimale postuur in gholf verskaf aan 'n gholfspeler die geleentheid om die gholfbal met maksimum krag en minimum energie te slaan. Optimale postuur kan ook 'n bydrae lewer tot die voorkoming van beserings. Die belangrikheid van postuur in gholf was die motivering vir hierdie studie en het gelei to die algemene vraag: lndien postuur verbeter, sal prestasie in gholf verbeter? Die doel van die studie was om die effektiwiteit van 'n gholfspesifieke postuurprogram op 'n aantal postuurveranderlikes, 5-yster afstand, akkuraatheid en vlug van die bal te bepaal. Agtien beginner gholfspeelsters is ewekansig na of 'n kontrole groep (n=9) of 'n eksperimentele groep (n=9) toegeken. Video-analise is gebruik om die postuurveranderlikes naamlik balans en konstantheid van postuur te ontleed. Om rompstabiliteit ("core stability") te meet is die "one-minute lying leg lift", "one-minute walkout" en "overhead medicine ball throw" toetse gebruik. Die "Modified Benson Golf Test" is gebruik om afstand, akkuraatheid en vlug van die bal te meet. Die eksperimentele groep het 'n ses-weke program gevolg. Die program het bestaan uit twee, sestig-minute sessies 'n week. Statisties betekenisvolle verbeteringe (p<O.05) in rompstabiliteit ("core stability") en 5-yster afstandakkuraatheid is gevind met die herhaaldelike metings ANOVA (Analise van Variansie). Alhoewel verbeteringe in balans en konstantheid van postuur gekry is, was die veranderinge nie statisties betekenisvol nie. Die gevolgtrekking is dat rompstabiliteitsoefeninge 'n positiewe effek op krag ten opsigte van die 5-yster hou het en dat 'n oefenprogram gefokus op postuur die potensiaal het om die prestasie van beginner gholfspeelsters te verbeter.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/50370
This item appears in the following collections: