Management of HIV/AIDS in different workplaces in Yaounde-Cameroon
Thesis (MPhil)--Stellenbosch University, 2008.
ENGLISH ABSTRACT: HIV/AIDS is a generalised epidemic in Cameroon with a prevalence of 5.5%. Many studies have identified several groups of workers in Cameroon to be at high risk of HIV infection. Socio-economic statistics and simulation have reported HIV/AIDS to be a severe threat to the performance and survival of enterprises. The International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the State of Cameroon have developed policies, laws and regulations for the fight against HIV/AIDS in the workplace and for the protection and promotion of the rights of workers. Literature has yet to report sufficient implementation of such control provisions in the workplaces. I have reviewed the occurrence in and adequacy of Yaoundé-based workplaces with regard to HIV/AIDS from both the standpoints of providers (Management) and beneficiaries (Workers). A sample of 7 institutions from sectors such as public service, international organisations, and NGOs was investigated. A total of 7 providers and 32 beneficiaries participated. Observation was the reference method where the technique of individual interviews was used. Generally, prevention, care and support programmes in workplaces were found to be nonexistent or embryonic. Institutions seemed to still behave as if they were exempt from the problem, being only providers for others in the general population, and nothing more. Refusal to participate in the study indicated some self censure despite the fact that institutions acknowledged both the severity of the problem and their failure to put an adequate programme in place.
AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die doel van die studie is ‘n ondersoek na die hantering van MIV/Vigs in ‘n aantal geselekteerde ondrnemings in Cameroon in Wes-Afrika. ‘n Gestruktureerde vraelys is gebruik om die data te versamel. Resultate dui daarop dat daar verskeie ondernemings in Cameroon is wat nog nie veel gedoen het om die pandemie te beveg nie. Voorstelle word gemaak vir ‘n voorkomings-en ondersteuningsprogram vir Cameroon.