BCS-BEC crossover in nuclear matter with the relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory
Based on the relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory, the influence of the pairing interaction strength on the dineutron correlations and the crossover from superfluidity of neutron Cooper pairs in the 1S 0 channel to Bose-Einstein condensation of dineutron pairs is systematically investigated in the nuclear matter. The bare nucleon-nucleon interaction Bonn-B is taken in the particle-particle channel with an effective factor to simulate the medium effects and take into account the possible ambiguity of pairing force, and the effective interaction PK1 is used in the particle-hole channel. If the effective factor is larger than 1.10, a dineutron Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) state appears in the low-density limit, and if it is smaller than 0.85, the neutron Cooper pairs are found totally in the weak coupling Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) region. The reference values of several characteristic quantities which characterize the BCS-BEC crossover are obtained, respectively, from the dimensionless parameter 1/(k Fna) with a the scattering length and k Fn the neutron Fermi momentum, the zero-momentum transfer density correlation function D(0), and the effective chemical potential ν n. © 2012 American Physical Society.