Perceived stigma and discrimination is the cause for employees not to participate on the HIV/AIDS work programme.

Mthombeni, Dainnah Sonto (2010-03)

Thesis (MPhil (Industrial Psychology. Africa Centre for HIV/AIDS Management))--University of Stellenbosch, 2010.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Background: What accounts for failure of employee to register on the workplace HIV/AIDS programme after testing positive? This could be associated with many things such as stigma and discrimination, fear of losing job because of HIV status, or even lack of knowledge about HIV/AIDS and about the workplace HIV/AIDS programme. A study within Edcon employees was designed to examine the cause of failure to register on workplace HIV/AIDS programme. Qualitative data were collected from four provinces, which are Gauteng, Empumalanga, North West and Limpopo. A 59 questions survey was given to 550 participants at different site during the morning briefing session. Participants were selected randomly irrespective of gender, age, cultural diversity, race, academic level, colour, creed or HIV status. Participants were briefed for five minutes and asked to answer questions based on the knowledge they had on HIV/AIDS. All questions were closed ended and was easy to answer and required fewer instructions and could be answered even by participants with lower educational level. Questionnaires were collected immediately after being filled and four hundred and twenty were correctly completed with no faults one hundred and thirty (130) were void because of errors. The levels of knowledge and attitudes held by the participants with regard to HIV/AIDS was high 69% but low with knowledge of workplace HIV/AIDS programme, which was 13.2%. According to results there was less or no discrimination in the workplace and even in the community in all participants this amounted to 10, 5%. Stigma is a serious problem which need to be addressed, fear of contracting HIV/AIDS, negative judgements about people living with HIV/AIDS and compounded stigma, is very high at 78%. Stigma creates barriers to HIV/AIDS, prevention and disease management, it makes people to be afraid of rejection and chose to keep their status to them self and not to seek help. The hypothesis of the study was not supported, even though there were respondents who said they could not stomach working, or living with HIV positive people, but it was difficult to measure the level of stigma and discrimination, the results were be weighed on the number of responses that indicated that there individual who have had secondary experience or directly involve with the acts of discrimination regard to stigma and discrimination. The level of stigma and discrimination could not be measured accurately.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Agtergrond: wat rekeninge vir mislukking van werker om te registreer op die werk plek HIV/VIGS program na toets positief? Hierdie kan geassosieer word met baie dinge hoe stigma en dikriminasie; vrees van verloor werk weens HIV status, of selfs tekort aan kennis omtrent HIV/VIGS en omtrent die werk plek HIV/VIGS program. 'n studie binne Edcon werkers was ontwerp om te ondersoek die oorsaak van mislukking om te registreer op werk plek HIV/VIGS program. Kwalitatief data was gekollekteer van vier provinsies, wat is Gauteng, Empumalanga, Noord Weste en Limpopo. 'n 59 vrae opname was gegee to 550 deelnemers tot verskillend werf gedurende die môre briefing sessie. Deelnemers was gekose wildweg afgesien van geslag, ouderdom, kultureel diversiteit, wedloop, akademiese vlak, kleur, geloofsbelydenis of HIV status. Deelnemers was saamgevat vir vyf minute en gevra om te antwoord vrae gebasseer op die kennis hulle het op HIV/VIGS. Almal vrae was gesluit op 'n end en was maklik om te antwoord en vereis minder instruksies en kan beantwoord word selfs|gelyk deur deelnemers met laer opleidings vlak. Vraelyste was gekollekteer onmiddellik nadat was gevul en vier honderd en twintig was reg voltooi met geen foute honderd en dertig (130) was leemte weens foute. Die vlakke van kennis en gesindhede gehou by die deelnemers met betrekking to HIV/VIGS was hoë 69% maar laemet kennis van werk plek HIV/VIGS program, wat was 13. 2%. Volgens uitslae daar was minder of geen dikriminasie in die werk plek en selfs|gelyk in die gemeenskap. In al deelnemers hierdie bygedra to 10.5%. Stigma is 'n ernstig (e) probleem wat benodig om te geadresseer wees, vrees van saamtrek HIV/VIGS, negatiewe veroordelings omtrent mense lewe met HIV/VIGS en het saamgestel stigma, is baie hoë tot 78%. Stigma skep hindernisse to HIV/VIGS, voorkoming en siekte hantering, dit maak mense om bang te wees van verwerping en verkies om te hou hul status hulle self en nie om te soek help. Die onderstelling van die studie was nie ondersteun, selfs alhoewel daar was repondente wie gesê hulle kan nie maag werk, of lewe met HIV positief mense, maar dit was moeilik om te meet die vlak van stigma en dikriminasie, die uitslae was wees geweeg op die aantal van antwoorde dat aangewys dat daar individuele wie het sekondêre ondervinding of direk omvat met die handelinge van dikriminasie betrekking to stigma en dikriminasie.

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