• Gaussian and non-Gaussian-based Gram-Charlier and Edgeworth expansions for correlations of identical particles in HBT interferometry 

      De Kock, Michiel Burger (Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2009-03)
      Hanbury Brown-Twiss interferometry is a correlation technique by which the size and shape of the emission function of identical particles created during collisions of high-energy leptons, hadrons or nuclei can be determined. ...
    • Generation and detection of ultrashort pulses 

      Nwosu, Victoria Onyeka (Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2009-03)
      The exciting field of ultrashort laser optics has experienced tremendous growth since it's inception. One of it's branches that has been of continuous interest is the characterization of ultrashort laser pulses ...
    • Geodesics and resonances of the Manko-Novikov spacetime 

      Geyer, Marisa (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2013-03)
      ENGLISH ABSTRACT: In this thesis I study compact objects described by the Manko-Novikov spacetime. The Manko- Novikov spacetime is an exact solution to the Einstein Field Equations that allows objects to be black hole-like, ...
    • Image compression using the one-dimensional discrete pulse transform 

      Uys, Ernst Wilhelm (Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2011-03)
      ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The nonlinear LULU smoothers excel at removing impulsive noise from sequences and possess a variety of theoretical properties that make it possible to perform a so-called Discrete Pulse Transform, which ...
    • Introducing organic molecular crystals into ultrafast electron diffraction 

      Rohwer, Andrea Berenike (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2014-12)
      ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Organic molecular salts have a wide range of physical properties which can be chemically tailored by minor variations of their substituents. These characteristics include high degrees of anisotropy, electrical ...
    • An introduction to general relativity and entropy bounds 

      Kotze, Jacques (Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2006-04)
      ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Entropy bounds arise from Black hole thermodynamics and are a significant departure from the conventional understanding of the information in a given region. This shift in paradigm is a consequence of ...
    • The investigation of resveratrol with conventional and ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy techniques 

      Griessel, Annelle (Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2009-03)
      An ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy experiment was developed in order to investigate the fast photoinduced isomerization reaction of the molecule resveratrol. Characteristics of the resveratrol molecule are discussed, ...
    • Large deviations of reflected diffusions 

      Du Buisson, Johannes Petrus (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University., 2020-04)
      ENGLISH ABSTRACT: We study the fluctuations of time-integrated functionals of Markov diffusions evolving in a bounded domain. These fluctuations can be described in large deviation theory by the so-called rate function, which ...
    • Laser induced chlorphyll fluorescence of plant material 

      Ombinda-Lemboumba, Saturnin (Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2007-03)
      Imaging and spectroscopy of laser induced chlorophyll fluorescence (LICF) are emerging as useful tools in plant physiology and agriculture since these methods allow an early detection of plant stress and transformation ...
    • Locating the inner edge of a neutron star crust 

      Van Rooy, Milton William (Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2010-12)
      ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The overall goal of this project is to study neutron star properties and locate the transition density from the core to the crust using fifteen parameter sets of the effective Skyrme nucleon-nucleon interaction ...
    • Manipulation of short pulses 

      Okoye, Raphael (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2013-12)
      ENGLISH ABSTRACT: An ultra-fast laser pulse can be described in the time or frequency domain. If the timebandwidth product of an ultra-fast pulse is not satisfied, then the pulse is stretched. Stretching can be described ...
    • Measurement and extraction of the Giles parameters in Ytterbium-doped fibre 

      Hendriks, Adriaan Jacobus (Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2009-03)
      The role fulfilled by theoretical models is rapidly increasing due to lasers becoming appli- cation driven to satisfy certain criteria and demands. Construction of high precision lasers requires good theoretical models ...
    • Methods for the radiological characterisation of the FiR 1 TRIGA research reactor decommissioning waste 

      Ackermann, Tarryn (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2017-03)
      ENGLISH ABSTRACT : Every nuclear reactor will eventually reach the end of its life time. With more than 60 new power reactors currently under construction, the need for understanding the safe decommissioning of a nuclear ...
    • The metric for non-Hermitian Hamiltonians : a case study 

      Musumbu, Dibwe Pierrot (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2006-12)
      ENGLISH ABSTRACT: We are studying a possible implementation of an appropriate framework for a proper non- Hermitian quantum theory. We present the case where for a non-Hermitian Hamiltonian with real eigenvalues, we ...
    • Microdosimetric studies of Auger electrons from DNA-incorporated 123-I using the micronucleus assay and the Geant4 Monte Carlo simulation tookit 

      Fourie, Hein (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2014-12)
      ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This study’s focus is on the determination and quantization of radiation damage on a cellular level due to the decay of the Auger electron-emitting 123I and the replication of this energy deposition using ...
    • Modelling of end-pumped Ho:YLF amplifiers 

      Collett, Oliver John Philip (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2013-03)
      This work is a thesis regarding the energy scaling of end-pumped Ho:YLF amplifiers. The work includes: a brief review of laser physics and models, the development of a suitable three dimensional time resolved numerical ...
    • Monte Carlo simulation of direction sensitive antineutrino detection 

      Blanckenberg, J. P (Jacobus Petrus) (Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2010-03)
      ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Neutrino and antineutrino detection is a fairly new eld of experimental physics, mostly due to the small interaction cross section of these particles. Most of the detectors in use today are huge ...
    • Natural radioactivity in soils of Ijero, Nigeria: measurements and risk assessment 

      Bailey, Tarryn (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2019-12)
      ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Several soil samples were obtained from Ijero, Nigeria, where the chemical and radio-toxicity of soil is under question due to ongoing and unregulated mining activities. The soil samples were crushed, ...
    • A near infrared femtosecond laser source for observation of charge transfer processes in semiconductors 

      Ahmed, Essraa Taha (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2017-03)
      ENGLISH ABSTRACT : Near infrared femtosecond laser pulses were generated in the spectral range 900 - 2400 nm using the idler of a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier (NOPA). The amplitude and phase of four exemplary ...
    • A new femtosecond electron diffractometer for structural dynamics experiments at cryogenic temperatures 

      Smit, Albert Bart (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2014-12)
      ENGLISH ABSTRACT: In this thesis, a femtosecond electron diffraction (FED) set-up that is capable of investigating the photo-induced switching of Cu(DCNQI)2 from being an insulator to being a conductor is presented. ...