Research Articles (Emergency Medicine)


Recent Submissions

  • Image-based medical expert teleconsultation in acute care of injuries : a systematic review of effects on information accuracy, diagnostic validity, clinical outcome, and user satisfaction 

    Hasselberg, Marie; Beer, Netta; Blom, Lisa; Wallis, Lee A.; Laflamme, Lucie (PLoS, 2014-06)
    Objective: To systematically review the literature on image-based telemedicine for medical expert consultation in acute care of injuries, considering system, user, and clinical aspects. Design: Systematic review of ...

  • Injury severity in relation to seatbelt use in Cape Town, South Africa : a pilot study 

    Van Hoving, D. J.; Hendrikse, C.; Gerber, R. J.; Sinclair, M.; Wallis, L. A. (Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2014-07)
    Background. Injuries and deaths from road traffic collisions present an enormous challenge to the South African (SA) healthcare system. The use of restraining devices is an important preventive measure. Objective. To ...

  • A 5-year analysis of the helicopter air mercy service in Richards Bay, South Africa 

    D'Andrea, Patrick Andrew; Van Hoving, Daniel Jacobus; Wood, Darryl; Smith, Wayne Patrick (Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2014-02)
    Background. A helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) was established in 2005 in Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, to provide primary response and inter-facility transfers to a largely rural area with a ...

  • Emergency centres lack defibrillator knowledge 

    Louw, Pauline; Maritz, David; Wallis, Lee (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2010-07)
    In the emergency centre (EC), a number of essential items of equipment are needed to manage a wide variety of acute life-threatening emergencies. Their correct use depends heavily on the training and experience of ...

  • Emergency point-of-care ultrasound training, credentialing and accreditation 

    Lamprecht, Hein (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2012-12)
    Emergency point-of-care ultrasound (EPCUS), performed by doctors, has recently become a popular skill that is used to enhance the accuracy of physical examination of patients. EPCUS provides additional, real-time, ...

  • Emergency point-of-care ultrasound applications : basic applications for the clinician performing bedside ultrasound 

    Lamprecht, Hein; Stander, Melanie; Van Hoving, Niel (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2012-12)
    Clinicians who regularly manage critically ill and injured patients often lack the immediate clinical information that is essential to make correct clinical decisions. Emergency point-of-care ultrasound (EPCUS), ...

  • Triage in mass casualty situations 

    Smith, Wayne P. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2012-12)
    The incidence of major incidents and disasters has increased over the past decades. A recent Oxfam report highlights a four-fold increase in the occurrence of weather-related disasters in the last two decades. Moreover, ...

  • Assessment of routine laboratory screening of adult psychiatric patients presenting to an emergency centre in Cape Town 

    Crede, Andreas; Geduld, Heike; Wallis, Lee (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2011-12)
    Managing mental health patients forms part of the workload in emergency centres (ECs) throughout the Western Cape (WC), which has an estimated overall lifetime prevalence of mental health disorders of 39.4%. The Mental ...

  • Procedural sedation in the emergency centre 

    Stander, M.; Wallis, L. A. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2013)
    Background. The performance of safe and effective procedural sedation in the emergency centre has become a core competency in emergency medicine internationally. However, in South Africa clear guidelines are lacking and ...

  • Pre hospital management of the fractured femur using the Tauranga Thomas splint 

    Mac Mahon, A.G. (HMPG, 1974-04)
    Two aspects of the early management of the fractured femur are discussed: the immediate treatment in the pre hospital phase and the transportation of this injury case over a long distance where necessary. In both instances, ...

  • Medical aid at the roadside 

    Mac Mahon, A. G. (HMPG, 1976-11)
    Aid given to patients at the roadside may be divided into three categories, namely first aid, ambulance aid and medical aid. The type of assistance actually rendered by the doctor will depend on how well he is equipped. ...

  • The costs of a bullet - inpatient costs of firearm injuries in South Africa 

    Norberg, Johannes; Nilsson, Tomas; Eriksson, Anders; Hardcastle, Timothy (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2009)
    [No abstract available]

  • Trauma unit emergency doctor airway management 

    Hardcastle T. C.; Goff T. (Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2007)
    Objectives. To audit indications for and practice (in terms of training/ qualification) of definitive airway management compared with current UK practices. Design. Consecutive observational study. Setting. Tygerberg Academic ...

  • Complications of tube thoracostomy for chest trauma 

    Maritz, David; Wallis, Lee; Hardcastle, Timothy (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2009)
    Objective. To determine the insertional and positional complications encountered by the placement of intercostal chest drains (ICDs) for trauma and whether further training is warranted in operators inserting intercostal ...

  • Emergency medicine : a new era in South African medicine 

    Balfour, Clive (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2006-01)

  • Workload and casemix in Cape Town emergency departments 

    Wallis, Lee A.; Twomey, Michele (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2007-12)
    Introduction. Little is known about the nature of patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) in South Africa. This study aimed to provide evidence on ED usage in Cape Town by studying patients at four community ...

  • Penetrating the acoustic shadows : emergency ultrasound in South African emergency departments 

    Bruijns, S. R.; Engelbrecht, D.; Lubinga, W.; Wallis, L. A. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2008-12)

  • The Cape Triage Score : a triage system for South Africa 

    Wallis, L. A.; Gottschalk, S. B.; Wood, D.; Bruijns, S.; De Vries, S.; Balfour, C.; Cape Triage Group (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2006-01)
    The Cape Triage Score (CTS) has been derived by the Cape Triage Group (CTG) for use in emergency units throughout South Africa. It can also be used in the pre-hospital setting, although it is not designed for mass casualty ...

  • Haiti : the South African perspective 

    Van Hoving, Daniel J.; Smith, Wayne P.; Kramer, Efraim B.; De Vries, Shaheem; Docrat, Fathima; Wallis, Lee A. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2010-08)
    Background and problem statement. The South African response to the Haitian earthquake consisted of two independent nongovernment organisations (NGOs) working separately with minimal contact. Both teams experienced problems ...