Nuwe reaksies van gedeprotoneerde Fischer-tipe karbeenkomplekse
Thesis (MSc (Chemistry and Polymer Science))--University of Stellenbosch, 2005.
This study comprises the preparation and characterisation of completely new Fischer-type carbene complexes of chromium and tungsten by deprotonation of (CO)5M=C(NMe2)(Me), (CO)5M=C(OMe)(Me) or (CO)5M=C(NMe2)C≡CH, and subsequent treatment of the formed anion with a variety of reagents, including reactive metal complexes. The deprotonation of the termodynamically stable complexes, (CO)5M=C(NMe2)(Me) (M = Cr or W) followed by reaction with the sulfonium salt, [Me2(MeS)S][BF4], yielded not only the expected products (CO)5M=C(NMe2)CH2SCH3, but also thioether complexes, (CO)5MS(CH3)2, disulfinated complexes (CO)5M=C(NMe2)CH(SCH3)2, S-bridged dinuclear compounds (CO)5M=C(NMe2)CH2S(CH3)M(CO)5, as well as the unique fourmembered- C,S-chelate carbene complexes (CO)4Cr=C(NMe2)CH(SCH3)SCH3 and (CO)4M=C(NMe2)CH2SCH3. Crystal structure determinations of (CO)5W=C(NMe2)CH(SCH3)2, (CO)5Cr=C(NMe2)CH2S(CH3)Cr(CO)5, (CO)4M=C(NMe2)CH2SCH3 (M = Cr, W) and (CO)4Cr=C(NMe2)CH(SCH3)SCH3 were successfully performed. The latter tetracarbonyl complexes have Cr-S bonding distances of 2.4531(9) and 2.4517(5) Å and a W-S distance of 2.577(1) Å. These relatively weak bonds contribute to the short M-C(O)-distances trans to it. The formed four membered chelate rings are essentially planar. The deprotonation of (CO)5Cr=C(NMe2)(Me) and sequential reaction with sulphur and CF3SO3Me does not yield the expected product, (CO)5Cr=C(NMe2)CH2SCH3, but (CO)5CrS=C(NMe2)CH3 resulting from a sulphur insertion was isolated. A single crystal structure determination of the latter complex shows a normal thione carbene complex. The reaction of methyl(methoxy)carbenepentacarbonylchromium(0) and the tungsten analogue with n-BuLi, followed by reaction with [Me2(MeS)S][BF4], afforded unexpected complexes via an unusual addition dissimilar to the above mentioned reactions of dimethylaminocarbene complexes. The formation of the products, (CO)5M=C(OMe)[CH=C(Me)NH(Me)] and (CO)4M=C(OMe)[C(SMe)=C(Me)NH(Me)] (M = Cr, W) can be ascribed to the influence of the heteroatom, oxygen, as well as the presence of acetonitrile in the sulfonium salt reagent [Me2(MeS)S][BF4]. An unusual alkylation by Me+ is also affected. The X-ray crystallographic structure determination of the complexes show hydrogen bonding between the alkoxy oxygen atoms and the protons on the nitrogen atoms. The latter four membered C,S-chelates show bonding distances and angles similar to these of the previously mentioned four membered chelates. Deprotonation of the alkynyl carbene complexes, (CO)5M=C(NMe2)C≡CH (M = Cr, W), with n-BuLi and subsequent reaction with PPh3AuX (X = Cl, NO3), initially afford the β-transmetalated products (CO)5M=C(NMe2)C≡CAuPPh3. In solution (CH2Cl2) the product isomerises through metal migration to Ph3PAuC(NMe2)=C=C=W(CO)5. The conversion was followed by means of 1H-NMR-spectroscopy and it appears that two first order reactions take place consecutively.