Investigating the influence of fabrication parameters on the diameter and mechanical properties of polysulfone ultrafiltration hollow-fibre membranes

Rugbani, Ali (2009-12)

Thesis (MScEng (Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering))--University of Stellenbosch, 2009.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Polysulfone hollow-fibre membranes were fabricated via the dry-wet solution spinning technique. The objective was to demonstrate the influence of the various fabrication parameters on the diameter and mechanical properties of the hollow-fibre membranes and to optimize the spinning process by controlling these parameters with a computer control system. The effects of the operation parameters were investigated using an experimental design based on a fractional factorial method (Taguchi’s design of experiments). The parameters that were considered are the spinneret size, dope solution temperature, bore fluid temperature, coagulation bath temperature, dope extrusion rate, bore flow rate and the take-up speed. A new pilot solution spinning plant was installed and upgraded, and a computer control system, based on LabView, was developed to control, monitor and log the experimental data. The diameter of the hollow-fibres were determined using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) while the mechanical properties were measured using a tensile tester. The effects of diameter size and wall thickness of the hollow-fibres on the performance of the membranes were studied. The results showed the significance of the fabrication parameters that dominate the diameter and strength of the hollow-fibres.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Polisulfoon holvesel membrane is met ‘n droë-nat oplossingspin proses vervaardig. Die doel hiermee was om die invloed van verskeie vervaardigingsparameters op die deursnee en meganiese eienskappe van die holvesel membrane te demonstreer asook om die spin proses te optimeer deur gerekenariseerde beheer van die aanleg. ‘n Eksperimentele ontwerp, gebaseer op ‘n gedeeltelike faktoriaal metode (Taguchi se eksperimentele ontwerp) is gebruik om die invloed van die vervaardigingsparameters te ondersoek. Die parameters wat oorweeg is, is spindop grootte, materiaal temperatuur, boorvloeistof temperatuur, stolbad temperatuur, materiaal ekstrusie tempo and opwen spoed. ‘n Nuwe oplossingspin loodsaanleg was geïnstalleer en opgegradeer en ‘n rekenaar beheerstelsel, gebaseer op LabView, is ontwikkel om die aanleg te beheer, moniteer en eksperimentele data te stoor. Die deursnee van die holvesel is gemeet met ‘n skanderingelektron mikroskoop (SEM) terwyl die meganiese eienskappe bepaal is met ‘n trektoets apparaat. Die effek van die deursnee en wanddikte van die holvesels op die werkverrigting van die membrane is ook bestudeer. Die resultate toon watter vervaardigingsparameters is beduidend vir die deursnee en sterkte van die holvesels.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/2677
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