Now showing items 11-19 of 19
Tuberculosis at extremes of age
Although tuberculosis (TB) has its highest burden among young adults, especially since the advent of HIV infection, two other groups with low immunity, the very young (<1 year) with immature immunity and the elderly (>65 ...
The outcome of infants younger than 6 months requiring ventilation for pneumonia caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Introduction: The outcome of young infants (<6 months) being ventilated for respiratory failure caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) has not been recorded. Patients and Methods: A descriptive study of children <6 ...
Diagnostic dilemmas in abdominal tuberculosis in children
The authors review 45 pediatric patients with intra-abdominal tuberculosis (ATB) treated between May 1990 and April 1998. The diagnosis was confirmed histologically or by positive culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ...
Recurrent culture-confirmed tuberculosis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children
Introduction: Recurrent tuberculosis (TB) is more common among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected than HIV-uninfected adults. There are limited data regarding recurrence of TB in children. Objective: To determine ...
Failure of chemoprophylaxis with standard antituberculosis agents in child contacts of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis cases
BACKGROUND: There is little published information on optimal chemoprophylaxis for children with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) contacts. Current guidelines of World Health Organization suggest that isoniazid ...
The impact of a change in bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccine policy on tuberculosis incidence in children in Cape Town, South Africa
BACKGROUND: A decision by the South African National Department of Health to change the route of administration and strain of bacille Calmette- Guérin (BCG) vaccine was implemented in Cape Town, South Africa, between July ...
Pyrazinamide plasma concentrations in young children with tuberculosis
Pyrazinamide plasma concentrations were determined in 34 children (median age, 3.32 years) 1 month after commencing antituberculosis treatment. The median (interquartile range) peak concentration was 30.7 (25.5, 35.0) mg/L ...
Diagnostic aspects of cervical lymphadenopathy in children in the developing world: A study of 1,877 surgical specimens
Chronic cervical lymphadenopathy is a common clinical problem frequently requiring surgical biopsy. To evaluate the characteristics of surgically excised cervical lymph nodes (LN) in children in a developing country, we ...
Tuberculosis presenting as cholestatic jaundice in early infancy
[No abstract available]