Now showing items 11-16 of 16
Diagnostic dilemmas in abdominal tuberculosis in children
The authors review 45 pediatric patients with intra-abdominal tuberculosis (ATB) treated between May 1990 and April 1998. The diagnosis was confirmed histologically or by positive culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ...
Comparison of diagnostic criteria of tuberculous meningitis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected and uninfected children
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculous (TB) meningitis is sometimes difficult to diagnose in young children. The decision to start anti-TB treatment of TB meningitis is usually made on clinical grounds and results of special investigations, ...
Transmission of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
Aim. To compare the Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates of adult index cases with multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis to the isolates obtained from their child contacts. Patients and methods. A 4-year prospective study ...
Absence of an association between Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotype and clinical features in children with tuberculous meningitis
OBJECTIVES: Animal studies point to increased virulence of certain mycobacterial strains, notably those of the Beijing genotype. There are limited data on mycobacterial genotypic diversity in children with tuberculous ...
Failure of chemoprophylaxis with standard antituberculosis agents in child contacts of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis cases
BACKGROUND: There is little published information on optimal chemoprophylaxis for children with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) contacts. Current guidelines of World Health Organization suggest that isoniazid ...
Long-term linezolid treatment in a young child with extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis
Treatment of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a challenge. We describe a young child with pulmonary XDR-TB who did not respond to an aggressive multidrug-resistant TB treatment regimen, but was cured ...