Now showing items 1-6 of 6
Ethionamide cross-and co-resistance in children with isoniazid-resistant tuberculosis
BACKGROUND: Ethionamide (ETH) is a structural analogue of isoniazid (INH). Both are pro-drugs requiring activation by separate and common enzyme pathways, which could lead to co-and/or cross-resistance. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Childhood drug-resistant tuberculosis in the Western Cape Province of South Africa
Aim: Continued surveillance of drug resistance amongst children presenting with culture-confirmed tuberculosis to a tertiary care hospital and to community clinics. Methods: Drug susceptibility testing for isoniazid and ...
Isoniazid pharmacokinetics in children treated for respiratory tuberculosis
Aims: To define the pharmacokinetics of isoniazid (INH) in children with tuberculosis in relation to the N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) genotype. Methods: The first order elimination rate constant (k) and area under the ...
Beijing and Haarlem genotypes are overrepresented among children with drug-resistant tuberculosis in the Western Cape province of South Africa
Drug resistance among children with culture-confirmed tuberculosis (TB) provides an accurate measure of transmitted drug resistance within the community. We describe the genotype diversity in children with culture-confirmed ...
Transmission of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
Aim. To compare the Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates of adult index cases with multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis to the isolates obtained from their child contacts. Patients and methods. A 4-year prospective study ...
Absence of an association between Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotype and clinical features in children with tuberculous meningitis
OBJECTIVES: Animal studies point to increased virulence of certain mycobacterial strains, notably those of the Beijing genotype. There are limited data on mycobacterial genotypic diversity in children with tuberculous ...