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A prospective evaluation of children under the age of 5 years living in the same household as adults with recently diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis
SETTING: A South African suburb with a high tuberculosis incidence (>800/100 000). OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of tuberculosis infection and disease in children less than 5 years of age who were in close household ...
Papulonecrotic tuberculid in children: A report of eight patients
Papulonecrotic tuberculid (PNT), a form of cutaneous tuberculosis (TB), is uncommon in children. We identified eight children (six girls and two boys) with PNT. Their ages ranged from 19 to 139 months (median: 47.5 months, ...
Culture-positive tuberculosis in human immunodeficiency virus type 1- infected children
Background. Adults infected by HIV have increased susceptibility to Mycobacterium tuberculosis and progress more rapidly to disease. HIV and tuberculosis (TB) coinfection in children has been reported but often lacks ...
Management of children with tuberculosis admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit
Objectives. To review the incidence, clinical features, ventilatory support and outcome of children with tuberculosis (TB) admitted to a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) in a region with an high incidence of TB. Materials ...
The 5-year outcome of multidrug resistant tuberculosis patients in the Cape Province of South Africa
Little is known about the outcome of multidrug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) in developing countries. In this study, 443 patients with MDR-TB, defined as resistance to two Or more antituberculosis drugs, were identified ...