Now showing items 1-10 of 11
A prospective evaluation of children under the age of 5 years living in the same household as adults with recently diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis
SETTING: A South African suburb with a high tuberculosis incidence (>800/100 000). OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of tuberculosis infection and disease in children less than 5 years of age who were in close household ...
Papulonecrotic tuberculid in children: A report of eight patients
Papulonecrotic tuberculid (PNT), a form of cutaneous tuberculosis (TB), is uncommon in children. We identified eight children (six girls and two boys) with PNT. Their ages ranged from 19 to 139 months (median: 47.5 months, ...
Prospective evaluation of World Health Organization criteria to assist diagnosis of tuberculosis in children
Because of the difficulty in confirming childhood tuberculosis (TB), the World Health Organization (WHO) proposes a hierarchical approach to diagnosis using history and certain clinical features to help to improve the ...
Pediatric meningitis in the Western Cape Province of South Africa
During the 9 years 1985-1993 a prospective survey of all cases of meningitis in children < 13 years of age presenting to our hospital in the Western Cape Province of South Africa was carried out. Two-thousand-nine-hundre ...
Evaluation of young children in household contact with adult multidrug- resistant pulmonary tuberculosis cases
Background. The prevention and management of multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis has received much attention, but little attention has been given to children with MDR tuberculosis or children in contact with adults with ...
Culture-positive tuberculosis in human immunodeficiency virus type 1- infected children
Background. Adults infected by HIV have increased susceptibility to Mycobacterium tuberculosis and progress more rapidly to disease. HIV and tuberculosis (TB) coinfection in children has been reported but often lacks ...
Management of children with tuberculosis admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit
Objectives. To review the incidence, clinical features, ventilatory support and outcome of children with tuberculosis (TB) admitted to a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) in a region with an high incidence of TB. Materials ...
Risk of pulmonary tuberculosis in children with congenital heart disease
Children with low-flow congenital heart lesions are reported to have an increased incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis. The aim of this study was to investigate if children with congenital heart disease have an increased ...
The 5-year outcome of multidrug resistant tuberculosis patients in the Cape Province of South Africa
Little is known about the outcome of multidrug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) in developing countries. In this study, 443 patients with MDR-TB, defined as resistance to two Or more antituberculosis drugs, were identified ...
Tuberculosis presenting as cholestatic jaundice in early infancy
[No abstract available]