Now showing items 1-10 of 248
Localized basal meningeal enhancement in tuberculous meningitis
Background: Focal basal meningeal enhancement may produce a confusing CT picture in children with suspected tuberculous meningitis (TBM). Objective: To demonstrate the incidence, distribution and appearance of localized ...
The effect of prebiotics on production of antimicrobial compounds, resistance to growth at low pH and in the presence of bile, and adhesion of probiotic cells to intestinal mucus
Aims: Screening of five bile salt-resistant and low pH-tolerant lactic acid bacteria for inhibitory activity against lactic acid bacteria and bacterial strains isolated from the faeces of children with HIV/AIDS. Determining ...
Randomized trials to study the nonspecific effects of vaccines in children in low-income countries
The Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) has led to large reductions in morbidity and mortality among children in low-income countries. However, the basic EPI schedule may no longer be optimal because of changes in ...
Molecular detection of mixed infections of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in sputum samples from patients in Karonga District, Malawi
The occurrence of mixed infections of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is no longer disputed. However, their frequency, and the impact they may have on our understanding of tuberculosis (TB) pathogenesis and epidemiology, remains ...
High-dose intense chemotherapy in South African children with B-cell lymphoma: Morbidity, supportive measures, and outcome
Background. Twenty-five percent of South African children aged 6-71 months are undernourished and have stunted growth. The tolerance and efficacy of short, high-dose intense chemotherapy for B-cell lymphomas in such a ...
Long term survival of children with burkitt lymphoma in Malawi after cyclophosphamide monotherapy
Background. Between 1991 and 1997, limited funding at times restricted available treatment for children with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) to cyclophosphamide (CPM) monotherapy at Lilongwe Central Hospital, Malawi. Our objective ...
The SIOP burkitt lymphoma pilot study in Malawi, Africa
[No abstract available]
Improvement in mycobacterial yield and reduced time to detection in pediatric samples by use of a nutrient broth growth supplement
There is an urgent need to improve the methods used for the bacteriological diagnosis of childhood mycobacterial disease. This study compared the mycobacterial yields and the times to detection (in days) of mycobacteria ...
Children and tuberculosis: Protecting the next generation?
[No abstract available]
Outcome of children treated for cancer in the republic of Namibia
The data of a survey undertaken to record all cases of childhood cancer in Namibia from 1983 to 1988 were analyzed to estimate 5-year survival rates. The projected survival rate for 150 children with cancer was 37% with ...