Now showing items 1-10 of 276
Promoting oral health in South Africa: public perceptions of water fluoridation.
Public knowledge of water fluoridation (WF), sources of information, purpose of WF and the level of support for the implementation of WF was assessed in South Africa. Of the 2229 respondents interviewed, 23 per cent had ...
Evaluating the BED capture enzyme immunoassay to estimate HIV incidence among adults in three countries in sub-Saharan Africa
Serological assays for estimating HIV-1 incidence are prone to misclassification, limiting the accuracy of the incidence estimate. Adjustment factors have been developed and recommended for estimating assay-based HIV-1 ...
Localized basal meningeal enhancement in tuberculous meningitis
Background: Focal basal meningeal enhancement may produce a confusing CT picture in children with suspected tuberculous meningitis (TBM). Objective: To demonstrate the incidence, distribution and appearance of localized ...
Clinical prognostic value of RNA viral load and CD4 cell counts during untreated HIV-1 infection - A quantitative review
Background: The prognostic value of CD4 counts and RNA viral load for identifying treatment need in HIV-infected individuals depends on (a) variation within and among individuals, and (b) relative risks of clinical progression ...
Reduced activation of peripheral blood neutrophils after late-phase asthmatic responses but not in mild stable asthma
Background: Asthma is a process of chronic allergic inflammation that may be worsened by the activation of neutrophils during acute exacerbations. Objective: We investigated our hypothesis that changes in cellular activation ...
Inhaled and oral salbutamol: How effective in the prophylaxis of asthma?
Inhaled and oral salbutamol were compared in 12 asthmatic patients for prophylaxis in antigen induced asthma. The patients were pretreated with 0.2- and 1.0-mg doses of inhaled salbutamol and with the standard oral 4- and ...
Serum alpha-1-protease inhibitor activity and pulmonary function in young insulin-dependent diabetic subjects
Abnormalities of lung function have previously been described in patients with impaired α1-protease inhibitor (α1-PI) function and more recently in insulin-dependent diabetic subjects. This study was undertaken to test the ...
A young healthy woman presenting with acute meningitis and a large pleural-based mass
[No abstract available]
FAME 3: A novel form of progressive myoclonus and epilepsy
BACKGROUND: Familial adult myoclonic epilepsy (FAME) is associated with myoclonus, tremor, and rare seizures, and is a nonprogressive disorder linked to the FAME 1 locus. A similar disorder has been linked to the FAME 2 ...
Molecular detection of mixed infections of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in sputum samples from patients in Karonga District, Malawi
The occurrence of mixed infections of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is no longer disputed. However, their frequency, and the impact they may have on our understanding of tuberculosis (TB) pathogenesis and epidemiology, remains ...