Now showing items 1-10 of 28
Post-traumatic stress disorder among recently diagnosed patients with HIV/AIDS in South Africa
This study examined the prevalence of and factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder in recently diagnosed HIV/AIDS patients in South Africa. One hundred and forty-nine (44 male, 105 female) recently diagnosed ...
Validity of the K-10 in detecting DSM-IV-defined depression and anxiety disorders among HIV-infected individuals
It has been suggested that an HIV diagnosis may increase the likelihood of mental disorders among infected individuals and that the progression of HIV may be hastened by mental disorders like anxiety and depression. ...
Sexual risk factors associated with volunteering for HIV vaccine research in South Africa
There are few data on how the risk profiles of individuals who volunteer for HIV vaccine research compare to the general population from which participants are recruited. This study contrasts demographic and sexual risk ...
Determinants of unprotected sex among HIV-positive patients in South Africa
This study examined the prevalence of unprotected sex, other sexual risk behaviours, and factors associated with unprotected sex among men and women recently diagnosed with HIV in South Africa. One hundred and forty-nine ...
The relationship between behavioural inhibition, anxiety disorders, depression and CD4 counts in HIV-positive adults: A cross-sectional controlled study
This study examined the relationships between behavioural inhibition (BI), anxiety disorders, depression and CD4 counts in 456 HIV-infected adults attending primary healthcare HIV clinics in South Africa. Our first hypothesis ...
Betting on dopamine
[No abstract available]
The factor structure for positive and negative symptoms in South African Xhosa patients with schizophrenia
Most studies investigating the symptom dimensions of schizophrenia utilising the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) and the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) favour a three factor model. ...
A proteomic analysis of the ventral hippocampus of rats subjected to maternal separation and escitalopram treatment
Early life stress is known to predispose humans to the development of depression. Developmental stress has been shown to cause various changes in neurotransmitter systems, neurotrophin expression and the hypothalamic ...
Maternal separation alters nerve growth factor and corticosterone levels but not the DNA methylation status of the exon 17 glucocorticoid receptor promoter region
Separating rat pups from their mothers during the early stages of life is an animal model commonly used to study the development of psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. The present study investigated how ...
Maternal separation fails to render animals more susceptible to methamphetamine-induced conditioned place preference
The maternal separation (MS) paradigm is an animal model that has been successfully used to study the long term effects of child abuse and neglect. Experiments showed that animals subjected to trauma and stress early in ...