Now showing items 1-10 of 196
Proximal renal tubular acidosis in pregnancy: A case report and literature review
Renal tubular acidosis is usually associated with chronic renal conditions and is rarely encountered in pregnancy. It may be inherited causing osteomalacia and rickets in children or acquired following autoimmune diseases ...
Evaluating the BED capture enzyme immunoassay to estimate HIV incidence among adults in three countries in sub-Saharan Africa
Serological assays for estimating HIV-1 incidence are prone to misclassification, limiting the accuracy of the incidence estimate. Adjustment factors have been developed and recommended for estimating assay-based HIV-1 ...
Stereotactic proton beam therapy for intracranial arteriovenous malformations
Purpose: To investigate hypofractionated stereotactic proton therapy of predominantly large intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) by analyzing retrospectively the results from a cohort of patients. Methods and ...
Stereotactic proton beam therapy of skull base meningiomas
Purpose: To review outcomes for patients with skull base meningiomas treated using the stereotactic proton beam at the National Accelerator Center (NAC), Republic of South Africa. Methods and Materials: Since 1993, 27 ...
Management of life-threatening haemoptysis in an area of high tuberculosis incidence
BACKGROUND: Emergency admissions with life-threatening haemoptysis in an area of high tuberculosis (TB) incidence at the University of Stellenbosch and Tygerberg Academic Hospital, South Africa. It is unclear if lung ...
The diagnostic utility of adenosine deaminase isoenzymes in tuberculous pleural effusions
SETTING: Pleural adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels have been found to be useful in diagnosing tuberculous pleuritis. Elevated ADA levels have been attributed to ADA2 isoenzyme, although no comprehensive studies have evaluated ...
Tuberculosis exposure in HIV-exposed infants in a high-prevalence setting
Exposure to TB was quantified by screening human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) exposed infants aged 3-4 months for an isoniazid prophylaxis study where tuberculosis (TB) exposure excluded enrolment. Seventy-seven (10.1%, ...
Cytokine production in patients with tuberculous pericarditis
SETTING: An academic hospital in the Western Cape, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cytokine production (interferon-gamma [IFN-γ], interleukin-1 [IL-1], interleukin-2 [IL-2], interleukin-6 [IL-6], interleukin-10 [IL-10], ...
Can uroflowmetry patterns in women be reliably interpreted?
Our aim was to investigate the proposition that uroflowmetry patterns can be reliably interpreted and correspond with specific urodynamic diagnoses. Uroflowmetry traces from 129 women with diagnoses of either genuine stress ...
Combined antiretroviral treatment initiation during hospitalization: Outcomes in south african adults
[No abstract available]