Now showing items 1-10 of 42
HIV risk exposure among South African children in public health facilities
The study investigates the risk exposure to HIV infection among South African children aged 2-9 years served by public health services. Together with their biological mothers, 3471 children and were recruited from inpatient ...
Unusual forms of spinal tuberculosis
Objective: The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) is increasing in both developing and developed worlds, and children, in particular, represent a high-risk group for acquiring the disease. TB of the central nervous system is ...
The utility of fine needle aspiration in HIV positive children
Objective: To determine the spectrum of disease, diagnostic accuracy and adequacy of fine needle aspirates (FNA) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive children who present with mass lesions. Methods: Between January ...
Diagnosing mycobacterial lymphadenitis in children using fine needle aspiration biopsy: Cytomorphology, ZN staining and autofluorescence-making more of less
Although the incidence of TB has stabilized or declined in most world regions, it is increasing in Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Eastern Mediterranean, fuelled by the HIV pandemic. More than 4,000 people died daily from ...
Efficacy of esomeprazole (20 mg once daily) for reducing the risk of gastroduodenal ulcers associated with continuous use of low-dose aspirin
OBJECTIVES: Low-dose aspirin is standard treatment for prevention of cardiovascular events in at-risk patients. However, long-term administration of low-dose aspirin is associated with a greater risk of adverse events, ...
Tension Pneumopericardium During Positive-Pressure Ventilation Leading to Cardiac Arrest
[No abstract available]
The use of short tandem repeat polymorphisms for monitoring chimerism following bone marrow transplantation: A short report
Following immunohaematopoietic stem cell transplantation, it is of importance to determine whether the new blood forming system is of recipient or donor origin and such phenotypic characterisation is called chimerism ...
Surgical and Endovascular Management of Penetrating Innominate Artery Injuries
Objective: To review our management of penetrating innominate artery injuries by open and endovascular techniques. Methods: Data regarding patient demography, clinical presentation, investigations, associated injuries, ...
Emergence of levofloxacin-non-susceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae and treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in children in South Africa: a cohort observational surveillance study
Background: Use of fluoroquinolones to treat paediatric cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis could affect the emergence of resistance to this class of drugs. Our aim was to estimate the incidence of, and risk factors ...
Incidence of acute rheumatic fever in the world: A systematic review of population-based studies
Background: There is no systematic overview of prospective studies of incidence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in the world. Aim: To summarise all population-based studies of the incidence of ARF world wide. Method: A ...