Now showing items 1-10 of 21
Traumatic dislocation of the atlanto-occipital joint
We present four patients who had sustained a traumatic dislocation of the atlanto-occipital joint. The diagnosis was initially missed in two patients. One patient, who was neurologically intact, was treated non-operatively. ...
Accuracy of pleural puncture sites: A prospective comparison of clinical examination with ultrasound
Study objective: To assess the value of chest ultrasonography vs clinical examination for planning of diagnostic pleurocentesis (DPC). Design: Prospective comparative study. Setting: Pulmonary unit of a tertiary teaching ...
Intragastric pH during Continuous Infusion with Pantoprazole in Patients with Bleeding Peptic Ulcer
OBJECTIVES: In managing patients with bleeding peptic ulcers, prevention of rebleeding is a particular challenge to hemostasis and fibrinolysis, both of which involve reactions that are impaired in acidic gastric environment. ...
Delayed pericardial effusion following stab wounds to the chest
Introduction: Delayed pericardial effusion following penetrating cardiac trauma has not been commonly reported, and the exact incidence remains unknown. It was more common before 1960, when pericardiocentesis was still a ...
Endovascular management of traumatic cervicothoracic arteriovenous fistula
Background: This study evaluated a single-centre experience with endovascular repair of traumatic arteriovenous fistula in the cervicothoracic region. Methods: Endovascular repair of 27 traumatic cervicothoracic arteriovenous ...
Risk of invasive cancer of the cervix in relation to the use of injectable progestogen contraceptives and combined estrogen/progestogen oral contraceptives (South Africa)
Background: Cervical cancer is caused by specific types of the human papilloma virus (HPV), but not all infected women develop cancer. It has been hypothesized that hormonal contraceptives may potentiate the oncogenicity ...
Voice rehabilitation after laryngectomy with the Provox® voice prosthesis in South Africa
A study was undertaken to determine whether the Provox® voice prosthesis provides good voice rehabilitation following a total laryngectomy in the urban, suburban and rural populations served by a tertiary referral hospital ...
A randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled trial of ascorbic acid supplementation for the prevention of preterm labour
In a previous study from this institution, patients at high risk for preterm labour were screened for the presence of bacterial vaginosis (BV). When BV was present, they were randomised to receive either treatment ...
Pre-eclampsia, mechanical heart valve prosthesis and prematurity
[No abstract available]
Molecular characteristics of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype C viruses from Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa: Implications for vaccine and antiretroviral control strategies
The KwaZulu-Natal region of South Africa is experiencing an explosive outbreak of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtype C infections. Understanding the genetic diversity of C viruses and the biological ...