Now showing items 51-60 of 355
Accuracy of pleural puncture sites: A prospective comparison of clinical examination with ultrasound
Study objective: To assess the value of chest ultrasonography vs clinical examination for planning of diagnostic pleurocentesis (DPC). Design: Prospective comparative study. Setting: Pulmonary unit of a tertiary teaching ...
Transbronchial needle aspirates: Comparison of two preparation methods
Study objectives: Transbronchial needle aspiration has evolved as a key bronchoscopic sampling method. Specimen handling and preparation are underrated yet crucial aspects of the technique. This study was designed to ...
The use of adenosine deaminase and interferon-γ as diagnostic tools for tuberculous pericarditis
Background: Traditional diagnostic tests for pericardial tuberculosis (TB) are insensitive and often require long culture periods, and this has led to more emphasis being placed on biochemical tests such as the pericardial ...
Diffusion MRI findings in Wilson's disease
Six patients having Wilson's disease were studied with diffusion MRI in order to characterize cerebral lesions. Diffusion MRI was obtained using the spin-echo, echo-planar sequence with a gradient strength of 30mT/m. The ...
Brainstem ischemic lesions on MRI in children with tuberculous meningitis: With diffusion weighted confirmation
Introduction: The Western Cape in South Africa has one of the highest incidences of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) in the world. Despite therapy, the outcome in children with advanced TBM remains dismal. Magnetic resonance ...
MRI to demonstrate diagnostic features and complications of TBM not seen with CT
Background: Computed tomography (CT) findings in children with tuberculous meningitis (TBM) often do not explain the clinical presentation and may even be normal. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to ...
Granular myringitis: Report of three prospective studies evaluating treatment options
[No abstract available]
Long-term follow up of childhood tuberculous meningitis
The purpose of the present study was to determine the long-term outcome of 76 children (40 females and 36 males) diagnosed and treated with modern antituberculosis drugs. The median age of the children on admission was ...
Comparison of two active case-finding strategies for community-based diagnosis of symptomatic smear-positive tuberculosis and control of infectious tuberculosis in Harare, Zimbabwe (DETECTB): A cluster-randomised trial
Background Control of tuberculosis in settings with high HIV prevalence is a pressing public health priority. We tested two active case-finding strategies to target long periods of infectiousness before diagnosis, which ...
Tuberculosis in women and children
[No abstract available]