Now showing items 31-40 of 198
The utility of fine needle aspiration in HIV positive children
Objective: To determine the spectrum of disease, diagnostic accuracy and adequacy of fine needle aspirates (FNA) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive children who present with mass lesions. Methods: Between January ...
Diagnosing mycobacterial lymphadenitis in children using fine needle aspiration biopsy: Cytomorphology, ZN staining and autofluorescence-making more of less
Although the incidence of TB has stabilized or declined in most world regions, it is increasing in Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Eastern Mediterranean, fuelled by the HIV pandemic. More than 4,000 people died daily from ...
Ultrasound-assisted transthoracic biopsy: Cells or sections?
Physicians increasingly use transthoracic ultrasound (US) as an aid for diagnostic procedures. At the bedside, US helps to visualize neoplasms in the chest wall, pleura, peripheral lung, and anterior mediastinum involving ...
Efficacy and safety of pantoprazole versus ranitidine in the treatment of patients with symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease
Background/Aim: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a prevalent disease associated with a high symptom burden and a reduced quality of life. This multicenter, randomized, double-blind study compared relief from key ...
Accuracy of pleural puncture sites: A prospective comparison of clinical examination with ultrasound
Study objective: To assess the value of chest ultrasonography vs clinical examination for planning of diagnostic pleurocentesis (DPC). Design: Prospective comparative study. Setting: Pulmonary unit of a tertiary teaching ...
Transbronchial needle aspirates: Comparison of two preparation methods
Study objectives: Transbronchial needle aspiration has evolved as a key bronchoscopic sampling method. Specimen handling and preparation are underrated yet crucial aspects of the technique. This study was designed to ...
Diffusion MRI findings in Wilson's disease
Six patients having Wilson's disease were studied with diffusion MRI in order to characterize cerebral lesions. Diffusion MRI was obtained using the spin-echo, echo-planar sequence with a gradient strength of 30mT/m. The ...
Brainstem ischemic lesions on MRI in children with tuberculous meningitis: With diffusion weighted confirmation
Introduction: The Western Cape in South Africa has one of the highest incidences of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) in the world. Despite therapy, the outcome in children with advanced TBM remains dismal. Magnetic resonance ...
MRI to demonstrate diagnostic features and complications of TBM not seen with CT
Background: Computed tomography (CT) findings in children with tuberculous meningitis (TBM) often do not explain the clinical presentation and may even be normal. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to ...
Granular myringitis: Report of three prospective studies evaluating treatment options
[No abstract available]