Now showing items 11-20 of 271
Early mortality and loss to follow-up in HIV-infected children starting antiretroviral therapy in Southern Africa
Background: Many HIV-infected children in Southern Africa have been started on antiretroviral therapy (ART), but loss to follow up (LTFU) can be substantial. We analyzed mortality in children retained in care and in all ...
Virologic failure and second-line antiretroviral therapy in children in South Africa-the IeDEA Southern Africa collaboration
Background: With expanding pediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) access, children will begin to experience treatment failure and require second-line therapy. We evaluated the probability and determinants of virologic ...
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection with testicular spermatozoa in men with azoospermia
Purpose: The aim of the study was to gain an insight into the optimal management of the infertile couple with the husband suffering from azoospermia. Methods: One hundred and forty-two intracytoplasmic sperm injection ...
Relationship between Human Sperm Morphology and Acrosomal Function
Purpose: In this study, we investigated the relationship between functionality of the acrosome and sperm morphology. Methods: Acrosome reaction (AR) was separately determined in live and dead sperm and in those with normal, ...
An intracytoplasmic sperm injection pregnancy with a globozoospermic male
[No abstract available]
Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 for treatment of open tibial fractures a prospective, controlled, randomized study of four hundred and fifty patients
Background: The treatment of open fractures of the tibial shaft is often complicated by delayed union and non-union. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the use of recombinant human bone ...
Pyridoxal-5-phosphate plasma concentrations in children receiving tuberculosis chemotherapy including isoniazid
Aim: Little is known about pyridoxine nutriture of children treated with isoniazid (INH) regimens. This study documents plasma pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP) concentrations in children, HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected, ...
Traumatic dislocation of the atlanto-occipital joint
We present four patients who had sustained a traumatic dislocation of the atlanto-occipital joint. The diagnosis was initially missed in two patients. One patient, who was neurologically intact, was treated non-operatively. ...
Childhood drug-resistant tuberculosis in the Western Cape Province of South Africa
Aim: Continued surveillance of drug resistance amongst children presenting with culture-confirmed tuberculosis to a tertiary care hospital and to community clinics. Methods: Drug susceptibility testing for isoniazid and ...
Nosocomial transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in kangaroo mother care units: A risk in tuberculosis-endemic areas
Background and aim: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) has become the standard of care for low-risk preterm babies born in developing countries. However, the potential risk of nosocomial transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis ...