Now showing items 11-20 of 358
Management of life-threatening haemoptysis in an area of high tuberculosis incidence
BACKGROUND: Emergency admissions with life-threatening haemoptysis in an area of high tuberculosis (TB) incidence at the University of Stellenbosch and Tygerberg Academic Hospital, South Africa. It is unclear if lung ...
The diagnostic utility of adenosine deaminase isoenzymes in tuberculous pleural effusions
SETTING: Pleural adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels have been found to be useful in diagnosing tuberculous pleuritis. Elevated ADA levels have been attributed to ADA2 isoenzyme, although no comprehensive studies have evaluated ...
Tuberculosis exposure in HIV-exposed infants in a high-prevalence setting
Exposure to TB was quantified by screening human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) exposed infants aged 3-4 months for an isoniazid prophylaxis study where tuberculosis (TB) exposure excluded enrolment. Seventy-seven (10.1%, ...
Maternal HIV infection and antibody responses against vaccine-preventable diseases in uninfected infants
Context: Altered immune responses might contribute to the high morbidity and mortality observed in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-exposed uninfected infants. Objective: To study the association of maternal HIV infection ...
Cytokine production in patients with tuberculous pericarditis
SETTING: An academic hospital in the Western Cape, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cytokine production (interferon-gamma [IFN-γ], interleukin-1 [IL-1], interleukin-2 [IL-2], interleukin-6 [IL-6], interleukin-10 [IL-10], ...
Can uroflowmetry patterns in women be reliably interpreted?
Our aim was to investigate the proposition that uroflowmetry patterns can be reliably interpreted and correspond with specific urodynamic diagnoses. Uroflowmetry traces from 129 women with diagnoses of either genuine stress ...
Early mortality and loss to follow-up in HIV-infected children starting antiretroviral therapy in Southern Africa
Background: Many HIV-infected children in Southern Africa have been started on antiretroviral therapy (ART), but loss to follow up (LTFU) can be substantial. We analyzed mortality in children retained in care and in all ...
Virologic failure and second-line antiretroviral therapy in children in South Africa-the IeDEA Southern Africa collaboration
Background: With expanding pediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) access, children will begin to experience treatment failure and require second-line therapy. We evaluated the probability and determinants of virologic ...
Combined antiretroviral treatment initiation during hospitalization: Outcomes in south african adults
[No abstract available]
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection with testicular spermatozoa in men with azoospermia
Purpose: The aim of the study was to gain an insight into the optimal management of the infertile couple with the husband suffering from azoospermia. Methods: One hundred and forty-two intracytoplasmic sperm injection ...