Now showing items 11-20 of 22
Acute cerebellitis complicated by hydrocephalus and impending cerebral herniation
We present a 7-year-old boy with acute cerebellitis who required an emergency ventriculoperitoneal shunt for hydrocephalus caused by cerebellar swelling. This represents a very unusual, potentially life-threatening ...
Neurosyphilis in the modern era
Objective: To review the nature of the presentation of neurosyphilis, the value of diagnostic tests, and the classification of the disease. Methods: A retrospective review was carried out of the records of patients who had ...
Use of Studded Polyflex™ Stents in Patients with Neoplastic Obstructions of the Central Airways
Background: The Polyflex™ is a commercially available silastic airway stent with proven efficacy. Due to a smooth outer surface its anchorage in the airway wall is superficial which may lead to stent migration. Objective: ...
Safety and yield of ultrasound-assisted transthoracic biopsy performed by pulmonologists
Background: Transthoracic ultrasound (US) has gained popularity as a tool for visualizing pleural effusions and assisting thoracentesis or chest drain placement. In the absence of effusion, US just as well demonstrates ...
Proportion of tuberculosis transmission that takes place in households in a high-incidence area
The prevalence of infection among household contacts of people with tuberculosis is high. This information frequently guides active case finding. We analysed DNA fingerprints of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from 765 tuberculosis ...
Vascular endothelial growth factor and blood-brain barrier disruption in tuberculous meningitis
Background: Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is characterized by disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), cerebral edema and increased intracranial pressure (ICP). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent ...
Headaches in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: A comparative study
The incidence and nature of headaches in 85 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients attending an outpatient clinic were studied and compared to those experienced by 61 nurses. The two groups were similar in age, sex ...
Transmission of tuberculosis within households  (multiple letters)
[No abstract available]
mTHPC-mediated photodynamic therapy for early oral squamous cell carcinoma
Surgery and radiotherapy are standard treatments for early oral squamous cell carcinoma, both resulting in good tumour control. However, neither of these modalities is without consequent functional or cosmetic impairment, ...
Recombinant human platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase for treatment of severe sepsis: Results of a phase III, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trialRecombinant human platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase for treatment of severe sepsis: Results of a phase III, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial
Objective: Platelet-activating factor (PAF) and structurally-related oxidized phospholipids are proinflammatory mediators in systemic inflammatory states such as severe sepsis. The enzyme platelet-activating factor ...