Now showing items 11-20 of 49
Comparison of two active case-finding strategies for community-based diagnosis of symptomatic smear-positive tuberculosis and control of infectious tuberculosis in Harare, Zimbabwe (DETECTB): A cluster-randomised trial
Background Control of tuberculosis in settings with high HIV prevalence is a pressing public health priority. We tested two active case-finding strategies to target long periods of infectiousness before diagnosis, which ...
Tuberculosis in women and children
[No abstract available]
Rapid on-site evaluation of transbronchial aspirates: Randomised comparison of two methods
The value of different staining methods for rapid analysis of transbronchial needle aspirates during bronchoscopy has not been explored. In the present study, we compared a Papanicolaou-based rapid stain, prepared by a ...
The S/Z ratio: A simple and reliable clinical method of evaluating laryngeal function in patients after intubation
Objectives: 1. To determine the consequences of prolonged intubation on laryngeal function.2. To evaluate simple clinical criteria or tests that could alert the clinician to potential laryngeal pathology requiring ear, ...
Tuberculous meningitis-related optic neuritis: Recovery of vision with thalidomide in 4 consecutive cases
Blindness is an uncommon but devastating complication of tuberculosis meningitis. The main causes are chronically raised intracranial pressure (hydrocephalus and/or tuberculomas) or direct involvement of the optic chiasm ...
Evaluation of paradoxical TB-associated IRIS with the use of standardized case definitions for resource-limited settings
Objective: Standardized case definitions have recently been proposed by the International Network for the Study of HIV-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (INSHI; [IRIS]) for use in resource-limited ...
Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder: brain perfusion and psychopathology--before and after anti-psychotic treatment.
Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder (AIPD) also known as alcohol hallucinosis is a rare complication of alcohol abuse. The pathogenesis and treatment of AIPD are still unclear. Few prospective treatment studies are available ...
HIV/AIDS and disability organisations in South Africa
Despite the seriousness of the HIV epidemic globally, and in South Africa in particular, little is known about how HIV/AIDS affects disabled people. One important and little explored area is the role that organisations ...