Now showing items 11-20 of 34
Comparison of two active case-finding strategies for community-based diagnosis of symptomatic smear-positive tuberculosis and control of infectious tuberculosis in Harare, Zimbabwe (DETECTB): A cluster-randomised trial
Background Control of tuberculosis in settings with high HIV prevalence is a pressing public health priority. We tested two active case-finding strategies to target long periods of infectiousness before diagnosis, which ...
Tuberculosis in women and children
[No abstract available]
Rapid on-site evaluation of transbronchial aspirates: Randomised comparison of two methods
The value of different staining methods for rapid analysis of transbronchial needle aspirates during bronchoscopy has not been explored. In the present study, we compared a Papanicolaou-based rapid stain, prepared by a ...
Tuberculous meningitis-related optic neuritis: Recovery of vision with thalidomide in 4 consecutive cases
Blindness is an uncommon but devastating complication of tuberculosis meningitis. The main causes are chronically raised intracranial pressure (hydrocephalus and/or tuberculomas) or direct involvement of the optic chiasm ...
Evaluation of paradoxical TB-associated IRIS with the use of standardized case definitions for resource-limited settings
Objective: Standardized case definitions have recently been proposed by the International Network for the Study of HIV-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (INSHI; [IRIS]) for use in resource-limited ...
HIV/AIDS and disability organisations in South Africa
Despite the seriousness of the HIV epidemic globally, and in South Africa in particular, little is known about how HIV/AIDS affects disabled people. One important and little explored area is the role that organisations ...
Symptoms of depression and anxiety among a sample of South African patients living with HIV
Little systematic research has been conducted on the extent of psychiatric disorders among South African patients in general, and among patients living with HIV in particular. The present study reports on a survey conducted ...
Positive futures: A qualitative study on the needs of adolescents on antiretroviral therapy in South Africa
With the increasing availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy, vertically infected children have a better chance of surviving into adolescence and adulthood. Additionally, sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency ...
Delay and causes of delay in the diagnosis of childhood cancer in Africa
Background: Although a few studies have investigated delays in diagnosis and treatment among children and adolescents with cancer, this has never been subject of study in South Africa. Early diagnosis is fundamental as it ...