Now showing items 11-20 of 56
A critical look at the diagnostic value of culture-confirmation in childhood tuberculosis
Objectives: To describe the clinical presentation, delay in diagnosis and treatment initiation, and outcome of culture-confirmed childhood tuberculosis. Methods: Retrospective study of children < 13 years of age at Tygerberg ...
Beijing and Haarlem genotypes are overrepresented among children with drug-resistant tuberculosis in the Western Cape province of South Africa
Drug resistance among children with culture-confirmed tuberculosis (TB) provides an accurate measure of transmitted drug resistance within the community. We describe the genotype diversity in children with culture-confirmed ...
Intractable intracranial tuberculous infection responsive to thalidomide: Report of four cases
Paradoxical enlargement and development of new intracranial tuberculomas and tuberculous brain abscesses on adequate antituberculosis treatment are well recognized and supposedly cytokine mediated. These lesions are often ...
We report the first known South African case of fibroblastic rheumatism, a rare dermatoarthropathy. Our patient presented with the typical clinical features of a sudden-onset, erosive polyarthritis with cutaneous nodules ...
The dangers of rationing dialysis treatment: The dilemma facing a developing country
The increasing burden of chronic kidney disease places enormous strains on resources of all countries, but especially of those with emerging economies. Few developing countries are able to afford dialysis programs and those ...
Phaeoacremonium parasiticum infections confirmed by β-tubulin sequence analysis of case isolates
Phaeoacremonium parasiticum is an agent of opportunistic phaeohyphomycosis belonging to a genus encompassing numerous recently described and soon-to-be-described, difficult-to-identify human pathogens. It appears in the ...
Mitochondrial and nuclear phylogenies of Cervidae (Mammalia, Ruminantia): Systematics, morphology, and biogeography
The family Cervidae includes 40 species of deer distributed throughout the northern hemisphere, as well as in South America and Southeast Asia. Here, we examine the phylogeny of this family by analyzing two mitochondrial ...
A patient with a persistent pleural effusion
[No abstract available]
Bacteriocin T8, a novel class IIa sec-dependent bacteriocin produced by Enterococcus faecium T8, isolated from vaginal secretions of children infected with human immunodeficiency virus
Enterococcus faecium T8, isolated from vaginal secretions of children with human immunodeficiency virus, produces a class IIa sec-dependent bacteriocin that is structurally different from three other class IIa sec-dependent ...
Distribution of brain infarction in children with tuberculous meningitis and correlation with outcome score at 6 months
Background: Prognostic indicators for tuberculous meningitis (TBM) offer realistic expectations for parents of affected children. Infarctions affecting the basal ganglia are associated with a poor outcome. Objective: To ...