Now showing items 1-10 of 15
Traumatic dislocation of the atlanto-occipital joint
We present four patients who had sustained a traumatic dislocation of the atlanto-occipital joint. The diagnosis was initially missed in two patients. One patient, who was neurologically intact, was treated non-operatively. ...
Problems with prostate specific antigen screening for prostate cancer in the primary healthcare setting in South Africa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of detecting early-stage prostate cancer in the primary healthcare setting, and to investigate whether there is a higher incidence of prostate cancer in Black African men. PATIENTS AND ...
Accuracy of pleural puncture sites: A prospective comparison of clinical examination with ultrasound
Study objective: To assess the value of chest ultrasonography vs clinical examination for planning of diagnostic pleurocentesis (DPC). Design: Prospective comparative study. Setting: Pulmonary unit of a tertiary teaching ...
Intragastric pH during Continuous Infusion with Pantoprazole in Patients with Bleeding Peptic Ulcer
OBJECTIVES: In managing patients with bleeding peptic ulcers, prevention of rebleeding is a particular challenge to hemostasis and fibrinolysis, both of which involve reactions that are impaired in acidic gastric environment. ...
Delayed pericardial effusion following stab wounds to the chest
Introduction: Delayed pericardial effusion following penetrating cardiac trauma has not been commonly reported, and the exact incidence remains unknown. It was more common before 1960, when pericardiocentesis was still a ...
Endovascular management of traumatic cervicothoracic arteriovenous fistula
Background: This study evaluated a single-centre experience with endovascular repair of traumatic arteriovenous fistula in the cervicothoracic region. Methods: Endovascular repair of 27 traumatic cervicothoracic arteriovenous ...
Molecular characteristics of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype C viruses from Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa: Implications for vaccine and antiretroviral control strategies
The KwaZulu-Natal region of South Africa is experiencing an explosive outbreak of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtype C infections. Understanding the genetic diversity of C viruses and the biological ...
Neurologic outcome after penetrating extracranial arterial trauma
Purpose: We undertook this study to determine factors that adversely affect outcome in patients with penetrating injury to the extracranial cerebral vasculature. Patients and Methods: Medical records were reviewed for all ...
An extrathoracic cause for a unilateral hyperlucent lung on a chest radiograph
[No abstract available]
Infective endocarditis in the Western Cape Province of South Africa: A three-year prospective study
Background: The last 50 years have seen major changes in the epidemiology of infective endocarditis (IE). Aim: To evaluate local patient characteristics, risk factors, clinical sequelae, microbiology, morbidity and mortality ...