Now showing items 1-10 of 40
Fine-needle aspiration biopsy: A fi rst-line diagnostic procedure in paediatric tuberculosis suspects with peripheral lymphadenopathy?
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic yield and time to diagnosis of fi ne-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) vs. routine respiratory specimens collected from children with a palpable peripheral lymph node mass and symptoms ...
Management of life-threatening haemoptysis in an area of high tuberculosis incidence
BACKGROUND: Emergency admissions with life-threatening haemoptysis in an area of high tuberculosis (TB) incidence at the University of Stellenbosch and Tygerberg Academic Hospital, South Africa. It is unclear if lung ...
The diagnostic utility of adenosine deaminase isoenzymes in tuberculous pleural effusions
SETTING: Pleural adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels have been found to be useful in diagnosing tuberculous pleuritis. Elevated ADA levels have been attributed to ADA2 isoenzyme, although no comprehensive studies have evaluated ...
Combined antiretroviral treatment initiation during hospitalization: Outcomes in south african adults
[No abstract available]
An atropine and glycopyrrolate combination reduces mortality in organophosphate poisoning
Anticholinergics are the mainstay of the pharmacological management of organophosphate poisoning (OPP). Atropine has the potential to cause central toxicity which may complicate the management of this life-threatening ...
Validity of the K-10 in detecting DSM-IV-defined depression and anxiety disorders among HIV-infected individuals
It has been suggested that an HIV diagnosis may increase the likelihood of mental disorders among infected individuals and that the progression of HIV may be hastened by mental disorders like anxiety and depression. ...
Triptorelin 6-month formulation in the management of patients with locally advanced and metastatic prostate cancer: An open-label, non-comparative, multicentre, phase III study
Background and Objectives: Triptorelin 6-month formulation was developed to offer greater convenience to both patients and physicians by reducing the injection frequency. The efficacy, pharmacokinetics and safety of a new ...
Brainstem ischemic lesions on MRI in children with tuberculous meningitis: With diffusion weighted confirmation
Introduction: The Western Cape in South Africa has one of the highest incidences of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) in the world. Despite therapy, the outcome in children with advanced TBM remains dismal. Magnetic resonance ...
MRI to demonstrate diagnostic features and complications of TBM not seen with CT
Background: Computed tomography (CT) findings in children with tuberculous meningitis (TBM) often do not explain the clinical presentation and may even be normal. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to ...
Devastating yet treatable complication of tuberculous meningitis: The resistant TB abscess
Introduction: Tuberculous abscesses may be resistant to medical treatment and may cause devastating complications. Case report: Such a lesion persisted in a child treated for tuberculous meningitis and resulted in a seizure ...