Now showing items 1-10 of 240
Fatal hepatitis B infection despite immunization in an HIV-infected infant: A possible case of vaccine failure and immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
We report a case of hepatitis B immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in an 8-month-old girl with Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection. In resource-constrained ...
Ascites revisited: The value of serum-ascites albumin gradient (SAAG)
[No abstract available]
Value of different staging systems for predicting neurological outcome in childhood tuberculous meningitis
BACKGROUND: The stage of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) at presentation is strongly associated with prognosis. OBJECTIVE: To compare different staging systems for TBM in predicting outcome. METHODS: The associations of ...
INH preventive therapy (IPT) in HIV-infected south African children
HIV-infected children have a high risk of acquiring tuberculosis. The World Health Organization (WHO) has released isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) recommendations for adults and children living with HIV, based on efficacy ...
Evaluating the BED capture enzyme immunoassay to estimate HIV incidence among adults in three countries in sub-Saharan Africa
Serological assays for estimating HIV-1 incidence are prone to misclassification, limiting the accuracy of the incidence estimate. Adjustment factors have been developed and recommended for estimating assay-based HIV-1 ...
Surveillance of transmitted resistance to antiretroviral drug classes among young children in the western cape province of SOUTH AFRICA
There are limited data on transmitted antiretroviral resistance in young children who require antiretroviral therapy. We adapted the World Health Organization surveillance strategy, testing antiretroviral naive infants ...
High prevalence of drug resistance amongst HIV-exposed and -infected children in a tuberculosis prevention trial
An emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) in settings affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) has been observed. We investigated the prevalence of DR-TB in P1041, a multicentred, ...
The potential to transmit Mycobacterium tuberculosis at a South African tertiary teaching hospital.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk of nosocomial transmission by confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients in a high TB/HIV incidence environment. METHODS: Between November 2006 and April 2007, we carried out a cross-sectional ...