Now showing items 1-10 of 421
Localized basal meningeal enhancement in tuberculous meningitis
Background: Focal basal meningeal enhancement may produce a confusing CT picture in children with suspected tuberculous meningitis (TBM). Objective: To demonstrate the incidence, distribution and appearance of localized ...
Can a cumulus cell complex be used to select spermatozoa for assisted reproduction?
Since the onset of intracytoplasmic sperm injection, researchers have intensified the search for the ideal spermatozoa to be used for injection. The aim of this study was to record the functional role of cumulus cell ...
Parachute mitral valve and a large ventricular septal defect in an asymptomatic adult
I report here on an asymptomatic 28-year-old man with a parachute mitral valve associated with a significant ventricular septal defect and a stenosing supravalvular mitral ring. This condition has not been reported previously ...
Stereotactic proton beam therapy for intracranial arteriovenous malformations
Purpose: To investigate hypofractionated stereotactic proton therapy of predominantly large intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) by analyzing retrospectively the results from a cohort of patients. Methods and ...
Stereotactic proton beam therapy of skull base meningiomas
Purpose: To review outcomes for patients with skull base meningiomas treated using the stereotactic proton beam at the National Accelerator Center (NAC), Republic of South Africa. Methods and Materials: Since 1993, 27 ...
Fine-needle aspiration biopsy: A fi rst-line diagnostic procedure in paediatric tuberculosis suspects with peripheral lymphadenopathy?
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic yield and time to diagnosis of fi ne-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) vs. routine respiratory specimens collected from children with a palpable peripheral lymph node mass and symptoms ...
Management of life-threatening haemoptysis in an area of high tuberculosis incidence
BACKGROUND: Emergency admissions with life-threatening haemoptysis in an area of high tuberculosis (TB) incidence at the University of Stellenbosch and Tygerberg Academic Hospital, South Africa. It is unclear if lung ...
The diagnostic utility of adenosine deaminase isoenzymes in tuberculous pleural effusions
SETTING: Pleural adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels have been found to be useful in diagnosing tuberculous pleuritis. Elevated ADA levels have been attributed to ADA2 isoenzyme, although no comprehensive studies have evaluated ...
Childhood tuberculosis: The hidden epidemic
[No abstract available]
Cytokine production in patients with tuberculous pericarditis
SETTING: An academic hospital in the Western Cape, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cytokine production (interferon-gamma [IFN-γ], interleukin-1 [IL-1], interleukin-2 [IL-2], interleukin-6 [IL-6], interleukin-10 [IL-10], ...