Now showing items 1-10 of 669
Proximal renal tubular acidosis in pregnancy: A case report and literature review
Renal tubular acidosis is usually associated with chronic renal conditions and is rarely encountered in pregnancy. It may be inherited causing osteomalacia and rickets in children or acquired following autoimmune diseases ...
The value of ultrasound examination of the lungs in predicting bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Background: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is one of the most serious complications of neonatal mechanical ventilation. Early diagnosis may influence treatment options such as early steroid administration. Objective: To ...
Localized basal meningeal enhancement in tuberculous meningitis
Background: Focal basal meningeal enhancement may produce a confusing CT picture in children with suspected tuberculous meningitis (TBM). Objective: To demonstrate the incidence, distribution and appearance of localized ...
[No abstract available]
Value of different staging systems for predicting neurological outcome in childhood tuberculous meningitis
BACKGROUND: The stage of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) at presentation is strongly associated with prognosis. OBJECTIVE: To compare different staging systems for TBM in predicting outcome. METHODS: The associations of ...
Evaluating the BED capture enzyme immunoassay to estimate HIV incidence among adults in three countries in sub-Saharan Africa
Serological assays for estimating HIV-1 incidence are prone to misclassification, limiting the accuracy of the incidence estimate. Adjustment factors have been developed and recommended for estimating assay-based HIV-1 ...
Triple therapy with clarithromycin, omeprazole, and amoxicillin for eradication of Helicobacter pylori in duodenal ulcer patients in Asia and Africa
Background: Studies assessing the efficacy of triple therapy containing clarithromycin and amoxicillin for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection and healing of duodenal ulcers in Asian and African countries are ...
The Magpie Trial: A randomised trial comparing magnesium sulphate with placebo for pre-eclampsia. Outcome for children at 18 months
Objective: To assess the long-term effects of in utero exposure to magnesium sulphate for children whose mothers had pre-eclampsia. Design: Assessment at 18 months of age for children whose mothers were recruited to the ...
Surveillance of transmitted resistance to antiretroviral drug classes among young children in the western cape province of SOUTH AFRICA
There are limited data on transmitted antiretroviral resistance in young children who require antiretroviral therapy. We adapted the World Health Organization surveillance strategy, testing antiretroviral naive infants ...
Inherited and acquired thrombophilias and poor pregnancy outcome: Should we be treating with heparin?Inherited and acquired thrombophilias and poor pregnancy outcome: Should we be treating with heparin?
Purpose of review: The most important acquired thrombophilia related to poor pregnancy outcome is probably antiphospholipid syndrome. Inherited thrombophilias that have been implicated in venous thromboembolism and poor ...