Now showing items 1-10 of 22
Evaluating the BED capture enzyme immunoassay to estimate HIV incidence among adults in three countries in sub-Saharan Africa
Serological assays for estimating HIV-1 incidence are prone to misclassification, limiting the accuracy of the incidence estimate. Adjustment factors have been developed and recommended for estimating assay-based HIV-1 ...
The potential to transmit Mycobacterium tuberculosis at a South African tertiary teaching hospital.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk of nosocomial transmission by confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients in a high TB/HIV incidence environment. METHODS: Between November 2006 and April 2007, we carried out a cross-sectional ...
Temporal changes in programme outcomes among adult patients initiating antiretroviral therapy across South Africa, 2002-2007
Objective: Little is known about the temporal impact of the rapid scale-up of large antiretroviral therapy (ART) services on programme outcomes. We describe patient outcomes [mortality, loss-to-follow-up (LTFU) and retention] ...
Granular myringitis: Report of three prospective studies evaluating treatment options
[No abstract available]
Comparison of two active case-finding strategies for community-based diagnosis of symptomatic smear-positive tuberculosis and control of infectious tuberculosis in Harare, Zimbabwe (DETECTB): A cluster-randomised trial
Background Control of tuberculosis in settings with high HIV prevalence is a pressing public health priority. We tested two active case-finding strategies to target long periods of infectiousness before diagnosis, which ...
Rapid on-site evaluation of transbronchial aspirates: Randomised comparison of two methods
The value of different staining methods for rapid analysis of transbronchial needle aspirates during bronchoscopy has not been explored. In the present study, we compared a Papanicolaou-based rapid stain, prepared by a ...
Rare case of perplexing ovarian endometriosis
Objective: To document a rare case of coexisting endometriosis and mature cystic teratoma in the same ovary. Design: Case report. Setting: Gynecology unit in a tertiary training and teaching hospital in Cape Town, South ...
Late onset preeclampsia is not an innocuous condition
Objective: To describe the profile and outcome of late-onset preeclampsia (LOPE). Methods. Retrospective study of 264 singleton pregnancies presenting before delivery at two referral centres in South Africa. Results: ...
Are early and late preeclampsia distinct subclasses of the diseasewhat does the placenta reveal
Objective. To compare histopathological differences in placentas from early- and late-onset preeclampsia, as well as late-onset preeclampsia and normal term deliveries. Methods. This prospective study was performed at ...
The S/Z ratio: A simple and reliable clinical method of evaluating laryngeal function in patients after intubation
Objectives: 1. To determine the consequences of prolonged intubation on laryngeal function.2. To evaluate simple clinical criteria or tests that could alert the clinician to potential laryngeal pathology requiring ear, ...